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PMI PHL

PMI Cells, Veins and Blood

QuestionAnswer
Space within the the cell where fluid travels Cytoplasm
True or False? Organelles house the cells DNA True
Medical term for RBCs Erythrocytes
Medical term for WBCs Leukocytes
Platelets Thrombocytes
What are the four components of blood? Erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes and plasma
90% water, 10% protein Plasma
What does a buffycoat consist of? Leukocytes and thrombocytes
What does the buffycoat do? Stands as a separation between the plasma and erythrocytes.
What is it called when the body is in its complete equilibrium? Homeostasis. (Think: Home)
Stopping or controlling blood flow Hemostasis
Fluid filled sac surrounding the heart Pericardium
Upper chamber of the heart Atria/Atrium
Lower chamber of the heart Ventricles
What is it called when the heart contracts? Systole
What is it called when the heart relaxes? Diastole
Phlebotomy is also known as Venipucture and venesection
What is responsible for carrying oxygen in blood cells? Hemoglobin
Fancy word for bruise? Hematoma
What is hemolysis? Breakdown or destruction of RBCs (erythrocytes)
Ways for hemolysis to occur Tourniquet time (1 minute or less), patient pumps or clenches their fist, shaking the tube vs. inversion, not allowing antiseptic to dry, excessive heat, wrong size needle, travel time through butterfly line, pushing or pulling syringe too fast
5 components in a CBC Erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes, plasma, hemoglobin and hematocrit
What is the normal heart rate for an adult? Average heart rate? 60-100 bpm and 72 bpm
Blood traveling through the body is what? Whole blood
Capillaries connect what together? Arterioles to venules
True or False? Veins carry blood away from the heart False. Arteries carry blood away from the heart. (Think: A for Away)
True or False? Veins carry deoxygenated blood toward the heart True
What is the difference between venous blood and arterial blood? The amount of oxygen
3 layers of a vein Tunica Externa/Adventia- Outer layer, Tunica Median- Middle layer, Tunica Intima/Interna- Inner layer
Hollow space in the vein where fluid (blood) travels Lumen
Triangular area in anterior bend of elbow, houses major veins for venipucture Anticubital Fossa
Lies along side thumb of the hand Cephalic (Think: Make a "C" with thumb and index finger)
Lies along pinky side of the hand Basilic
1st choice for venipucture and why Median Cubital- easiest to anchor
2nd choice for venipucture Cephalic
3rd choice for venipucture and why Basilic- easier to roll and bruise
Fancy word for heart attack Myocardial Infarction
Clumping of RBCs, foreign reaction to incompatible blood types Agglutination
Four blood types Type A, B, AB and O
Universal Donor 0-
Universal Reciepient AB+
Blood is classified by what? Rh factor
Created by: brittanycoury