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World History

Chapter 21

Phillip II sparn ruler whose duty was to defend catholicism against the muslims.
absolute monarch a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society.
divine right the idea that monarchs are Gods representatives on earth and therefore only answer to God.
Edict of Nantes declaration of religious tolerance
Cardinal Richelieu powerful cardinal who ruled France
skepticism idea that nothing can be known for certain.
Louis XIV King of France who was only a boy, he weakened the power of the nobles and devoted himself to helping France attain economic stability.
intendants french government official appointed by the monarch to collect taxes and administer justice.
versailles immence french palace
war of spanish succession war to keep Spain and France seperated
Thirty Years' War European conflict over religion and territory and for power among ruling families.
Hapsburg dominated the first 1/2 of Thirty Years' War; rulers of Austria
Protestant Gustavus Adolphus dominated the second 1/2 of Thirty Years' War
Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War
Maria Theresa Austrian emporess
Hohenzollerns Prussians ruling family
Seven Years' War conflict in Europe, North AMerica and India in which forces of Britain and Russia battled Austria, France
Ivan the terrible came to the throne in 1533 when he was the only 3 yrs old
Boyars landowning nobles
Peter the Great great Russian reformer
westernization adoption of western social, political or economic institutions
Charles I son of James I who took the throne after his death
English Civil War conflict in which puritan supporters of parliament battle supporters of Englands monarchy
Charles II restored the London monarchy, led to passing of habeas corpus
restoration the period of Charles II's rule over England
habeas corpus court order for prisoners brought to justice
James II English king who offended subjects by his catholicism
glorious revolution the bloodless overthrow of the english king James II and his replacement by William and Mary.
William and Mary led the glorious revolution to overthrow James II for the sake of protestantism
constitutional monarchy a system of governing in which the rulers powers is limited by law
cabinet a group of advisors or ministers chosen by the head of a country to help make government decisions
Created by: Pechacek