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World History

"World War I" Topic 10

Entente A friendly understanding or informal alliance between states or nations
Militarism The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
Mobilize A nation preparing and organizing (troops) for active service
Neutrality The state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.; impartiality:
Triple Alliance Military alliance among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy and was later referred to as the "Central Powers"
Triple Entente Alliance linking Russia, France, and Great Britain. Also referred to as the "Allied Powers"
Francis Ferdinand The archduke of Austria and heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne until his assassination in 1914
Gavrilo Princip Member of the black hand who assassinated Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sofia
Black Hand A secret military and Serbian nationalist society
Nationalism Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts towards ones country
Stalemate A situation where two sides are evenly matched and neither is able to advance or gain the advantage over the other
U-Boats Military submarine developed and operated by the Germans in WWI
Trench Warfare form of military strategy using occupied fighting lines, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery
Convoys A naval escort for the protection of a ship from the attack of a submarine
Total War A war that may include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure
Woodrow Wilson 28th President of the United States and leader of American during WWI. Put together a document called the fourteen points which outlined how to proceed with making peace after WWI.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning
Zimmerman Note 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire offering a military alliance with Mexico
Self-Determination the process in which a country has the ability to determine its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government
Armistice An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce
Western Front Military zone that formed to the west of Germany during World War I; major battleground for both the Allied and Central Powers
Paris Peace Conference The meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers
Reparations Payments for damages that happened as a result of war
League of Nations International organization created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.
Treaty of Versailles One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Fourteen Points Plan put together by President Woodrow Wilson where he declared that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and called for postwar peace in Europe
Created by: Mr. Peirce