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6th Gr World History

Glencoe - Chapter 2: Ancient Egypt

Vocabulary WordDefinition
cataract steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
delta area of fertile soil at the mouth of a river
papyrus reed plant of the Nile Valley, used to make a form of paper
hieroglyphics system of writing made up of thousands of picture symbols developed by the ancient Egyptians
dynasty line of rulers from the same family
pharaoh all-powerful king in ancient Egypt
deity god or goddess
embalming process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a person's body after death
mummy body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen
pyramid huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb
tribute payment made by one group or nation to another to show obedience or to obtain peace or protection
incense material burned for its pleasant smell
savanna grassy plain
Egypt a country located in Northeast Africa, it was the site of a rich and powerful ancient civilization
Nile River the world's longest river which flows north from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea
Sahara the world's largest desert located in North Africa
Narmer king of Upper Egypt, he united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt in about 3100 B.C.
Giza site of the Great Pyramid in northern Egypt on the west bank of the Nile
King Khufu ancient Egyptian king for whom the Great Pyramid was built
Thebes when a new dynasty of pharaohs came to power during what is called the Middle Kingdom, they moved their capital south from Memphis to this city
Ahmose an Egyptian prince who led an uprising that drove the Hykos out of Egypt around 1550 B.C.
Hatshepsut a pharaoh and queen of Egypt, she became the first woman to rule Egypt in her own right; known for her peaceful reign, she expanded Egypt's economy and rebuilt many of Egypt’s great temples
Thutmose III nephew of Hatshepsut who succeeded her as the next pharoah; he expanded Egypt's borders through war and conquest until Egypt controlled more territory than it ever had; slavery also became common in Egypt under his rule
Akhenaton pharoah whose real name was Amenhotep IV; he tried to change Egypt's religion in order to maintain his own power; under his rule, Egypt lost most of its lands in western Asia, greatly shrinking the empire
Tutankhamen nicknamed "King Tut" and son-in-law of Akhenaton, he inherited the throne at about age 10; in A.D. 1922, an archaeologist found the tomb containing the pharoah's mummy and its incredible treasures
Ramses II under this pharoah's rule from 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C., Egyptian armies regained lands in western Asia and rebuilt the empire; he is also famous for his temple built at Abu Simbel, which is carved out of a solid rock cliff
Nubia a region south of Egypt in what is now present-day Sudan; the Nubians settled in farming villages and became strong warriors
Kush another name for Nubia, the region south of Egypt
Kerma the kingdom created when the more powerful Nubian villages gradually took over the weaker ones
Napata the city from which powerful Kushite kings ruled the independent kingdom of Kush; this city benefited from its favorable location on the trade route
Meroё the city where Kush's rulers set up a new capital after leaving Napata; known as a trading city and a center for making iron
Kashta A Kushite king, who in about 750 B.C., began conquering Egypt
Piye The son of Kashta, this Kushite king completed the conquest of Egypt in 728 B.C. and founded a dynasty that ruled both Egypt and Kush from Napata
approaching coming closer
device tool invented for a specific use
assuring guaranteeing
cease to stop; to end
resource something that can be used if needed
communicate to exchange information
emerged came into being
portion a share
obtain to get through effort
focused paid attention to
stability permanence
Created by: PMA4JC