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Harcourt Chapter 4

Ancient Egypt

QuestionAnswer
Predict To tell ahead of time what will happen.
Deity One exalted or revered as supremely good or powerful, such as a god.
Mummy A preserved body.
Nation-State A region with a united group of people and a single goverment.
Hieroglyphics A writing system in which pictures or symbols stand for sounds, words, or ideas.
Pyramid A stone structure hacing a square base and triangular sides that come to a point at the top and used as a burialplace for a dead ruler.
Inundation The yearly time of flooding in ancient Egypt
Afterlife A life after death.
Cataract A waterfall or a spot where water runs fast over rocks.
Dynasty A series of rules from the same family.
Papyrus A paperlike material on which ancient Egyptians wrote; made from the reeds that grow in the Nile River.
Prosperity Economic success or well-being.
Vizier The chief adviser to an Egyptian Pharaoh.
Annex To add on.
Pharaoh A ruler of ancient Egypt.
Trade Route A path that traders use as they exchange goods.
Obelisk An ancient stone monument; a tall, slender stone pillar with four sides and a pointed top.
Ally A supporter.
Heir A person who has the right to another person's property or title.
Nome An ancient Egyptian district.
Ceramic A product such as pottery, made from baked clay.
Mineral A natural resource found in rocks.
Independence The freedom to govern oneself.
Trading Network A system in which buyers and seller from different places can exchange goods.
Decipher To interpret the meaning of.
Farmers along the Nile River planted seeds before or after the floodwaters deposited new soil? After- fresh and rich soil
Egyptian achievements in the early period were pyramids, papyrus,hieroglyphic writing
The Nile River provided rich, dark soil for farming, water for crops, and transportation
What did the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt create? the world's first nation-state
Kandakes were the queens that ruled Kush
Who was the ruler when Egypt began to expand its territory beyond the Nile Valley? King Mentuhotep II
What helped make the united government possible during the early period of ancient Egypt? the invention of papyrus
How did the people of Egypt and Nubia first come in close contact with each other? trade
Which time in Egyptian history is also called the Age of the Pyramids? the Old Kingdom
Name the Egyptian time periods. Early Period, Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
What kinds of writing were found on the Rosetta Stone? ancient Egyptian and Greek
Egyptians and Nubians fought over control of land, trade routes, and gold and minerals
How many days did it take in the mummification process? 70 days
What did the Sphinx look like? human head and lion's body
What was the original color of the pyramids in Egypt? white
What is the longest river in Africa? Nile River
What was a pyramid built for? as a tomb or grave to house the body of a pharoah
When did Upper and Lower Egypt unite? 3100 B.C.
Why was the Old Kingdom also called the Age of the Pyramids? the Egyptains built pyramids during this period
Which time came first- Middle Kingdom or Old Kingdom? Old Kingdom came first
Where was the Egyptain capital located at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom? Thebes
In which present-day country was Nubia once located? Sudan
When did Egypt take control of Nubian trade? 2600 B.C.
Created by: slump