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Finals study 2

basic geographic models and concepts

Environmental Determinism (cultural change theories) belief that physical environment is solely responsible for shaping human actions and behaviors
Possibilism (cultural change theories) belief that ppl and not environment are the forces responsible for shaping culture
Rostow model (economic development models) -1950's gauge of economic development based on WESTERN pt. of view...contains 6 stages of development... -Traditional societies -Preconditions for takeoff -Takeoff -Drive to maturity -Age of high Mass consumption -Post industrial (theoretical/debati
World systems model -1970' : looks at economic development based on relationships b/t countries -core: consists of economically dominant partners -sub-periphery and periphery = less dominant and typically contain more basic level employment...they're reliant upon core
Primary sectors agricultural and extractive activities-relied upon by many developing nations.
Secondary sectors processing activities-manufacturing, construction and power production. Many developing nations support secondary activities w/ lower labor costs than developed countries
Tertiary sectors service activities...many developed countries' economies are dominated by tertiary sector jobs
Quaternary sectors informational activities
Quinary sectors new theoretical sector w/in quaternary sector of high level management jobs
Gravity model H. Carey---laws: large cities have greater drawing power for ppl than smaller cities -breaking pt.- ppl will not be drawn to city to meet their needs
Distance decay describes decline of attractive pull something has with increasing distance from pt. of origin.
Central place theory W. Christaller-1930's: central place =market center used for an exchange of goods and services. (ppl attracted to CBD from surrounding area)
Central place theory... larger settlements are fewer and farther apart; they exist to provide greater variety of services and specialized goods (EX: museums and symphonies) that ppl are willing to travel greater distance for.
Threshold minimum # of ppl needed to support procut or activity
range distance ppl are willing to travel for product of activity
Created by: p4nd4lov3r
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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