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Ancient Americas

flashcards

TermDefinition
Moche Culture that flourished along the northern coast of Peru from around A.D. 100 to A.D 700
Mesoamerica The area between North America and South America, including Mexico and Central America
Cuzco City at the center of the Incan Empire
Nazca lines Huge drawings made by the Nazca people by scraping the surface of a rocky plain and which can only be properly observed from the air
Chavin First influential culture in South America, which flourished from around 900 B.C. to 200 B.C.
Inca An empire that ruled much of South America prior to European rule
Tenochtitlan The capitol of the ancient Aztec empire on the site of present-day Mexico City
Teotihuacan City that dominated the Valley of Mexico from 100 A.D. o 750 A.D.
Inti The basic unit of money in Peru
Tribute Praise, honor or gifts given to show respect or to show thanks
Kiva Pueblo Indians pit house, which served as a ceremonial chamber or clubhouse of the men. It was located in a central place in the pueblo
Pachacutiincayupanqui First Emperor of the Inca empire
Chinampas Floating gardens created by weaving reeds together and adding soil on top- often 30 X 330 ft
Aztec A tribe of Native Americans who lived near New Mexico after the Mayans
Adobe Mud brick dried by the sun, used to build small homes
Quipu Knotted strings representing numbers used to keep records in the Inca empire
Maize Corn
Olmec People who flourished along the Gulf of Mexico from 1200 B.C. to 400 B.C.
Capybara With a body length of over 3 feet and a weight of more than 100 pounds, this animal is definitely the world's largest rodent! It has partially webbed feet that help the animal to swim
Maya Central American Indians, who possessed one of the greatest civilizations before Aztec's domination
Alpaca Domesticated llama with long silky fleece; believed to be a domesticated variety of the guanaco
Stela A stone tree carved with pictures to tell a message- created by the Mayans
Created by: 83celbak