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13-1 China

TermDefinition
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
Gengis Kahn responsible for forging together the Mongol Empire (first ruler of Mongol Empire)
Silk Road a long chain of roads connecting trade routes across Central Asia
Bi Sheng developed a printing method that used movable type
Song the dynasty that ruled China from 960-1279
Mongols Nomads from the plains of Asia
Tang Taizong reformed the government according to Confucius' ideas
Tang the dynasty that came to power and ruled China for almost 300 years
Marco Polo His writings sparked trade between Europe and China
Kublai Kahn conquered the Song Empire and declared himself emperor of China
A benefit of the merit system was that people would be hired based on what? abilities
What did the Grand Canal connect? it connected northern and southern China. It made it possible to supply the Tang capital with large amounts of grain.
What was a positive result of movable type? that books spread knowledge through China
One change the Mongols made after conquering China was? centralizing the government; they did not allow the Chinese to participate in the government
Why was silk such an important trading item to China? they were the only ones who could produce it
What are three things the Chinese were the first to create? a compass, porcelain, and silk
How did the Mongol empire finally fall? a Chinese peasant led a revolt and overthrew the government
What was an effect of newer strains of rice and better irrigation systems? it created a surplus of food and more people could practice other trades
What was the capital of the Tang empire? Chang'an
What two bodies of water did the Grand Canal connect? Huang and Chang Rivers
Where does the Silk Road extend from? from China to the Mediterranean Sea
China is bordered by which three seas? East China Sea, Yellow Sea, and the South China Sea
What were the two capitals of the Song Dynasty? Kaifeng and Hangzhou
Who was the great thinker Tang Taizong followed? Confucius
What did Confucius believe? that all people must treat one another with respect
One important change in the government by the Song dynasty was what? the merit system - hiring people based on their abilities
Hiring people based on their ability would have what effect on the government? It would make it stronger
If you were a Chinese man or woman from the peasant class, would you rather have lived during the Tang or Song Dynasty? Why? Use three facts from your notes to support your choice.
Created by: jtaylor03