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Movements 19th Cen

PersonMovement
Romanticism Revolt against age of rationalism; life as it should be...not as it is; based on nature, emotions, imagination, mysterious, supernatural, odd, grotesque, and heroicism
Emily Bronte Romanticism; Author of Wuthering Heights (1847); 1st Gothic (mysterious) novel; sister wrote Jane Eyre; used pseudonym Currer, Ellis, and Acton to publish poems
Mary Shelley Romanticism; Frankenstein - creature feels lost in an unsympathetic world (revolt against IR); daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft
Jane Austen Romanticism; wrote about English life; Pride and Prejudice, Emma, Sense and Sensibility
William Blake Romanticism; "The Tiger" (foreign, exotic, and odd) and "The Lamb" (nature)
Grimm Brothers Romanticism; Germans of middle-class; gathered up folk tales to create grim and grotesque fairy tales
Victor Hugo Romanticism; French; individual vs history; Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserable (1848 failed revolutions)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge Romanticism; wrote about horror, supernatural, and fishing; "Rime of Ancient Mariner" where nature wins
Nathaniel Hawthorne Romanticism; Scarlet Letter
Herman Melville Romanticism; Moby Dick - humans vs. nature (nature wins)
Edgar Allen Poe Romanticism; short stories on Gothic, horror, mystery, and madness; "The Pendulum", "The Raven", "The Cask of Amontillado", "The Tell-Tale Heart"
Ludwig van Beethoven Romanticism; 9 symphonies; #1-5 are Baroque, #6-9 are Romantic; revolutionized piano playing by playing with emotion
Robert Schumann Romanticism; German pianist; lots of emotion but little movement of hands; "Poet's Love" - song cycle
Frederic Chopin Romanticism; Polish pianist and composer; 1st to use thumbs, runs, movement, and crossovers
Richard Wagner Romanticism; German pianist; opera changes by composing music, poetic, and scenic elements together; "Trilogy of Rings"; 1st to use music as nationalist figure
Joseph Turner Romanticism; 1st to use oils in paintings; "The Fisherman at Sea" and "Grand Canal Venice"; turns to Impressionism
Jacques - Louis David Romanticism; French; painted French Revolution and Napoleonic support; banned from France because portrayed Marat as hero; Neo-Classicism; "Death of Marat", "Napoleon at Mont St. Bernard", "Crowning"
Realism revolt against Romanticism; portray people as they are, not as they should be; fueled by negative aspects of IR; photography included; spurred labor law reforms
Honore de Balzac Realism; French; Human Comedy; stories about social classes: aristocracy, finance, trade, demi-monde, professionals, servants, intellectuals, clerks, and criminals
Emilie Zola Realism; French; Germinal was 1st major work on strikes in coal mines
Charles Dickens Realism; English; emphasized orphans and abandoned children, self-pity, and fairy tale plots; Oliver Twist, Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, and Great Expectations
Louis Daguerre Realism; camera called Daguerreotype; "Boulevard du Temple" had 1st photo of person
William Talbot Realism; Tolbotype camera took reverse image on negative and after processing could make multiple copies
Jean-Francois Millet Realism; portrayed peasants class; "The Angelus", "Potato Planters", and "Rest After Work"
Gustave Courbet Realism; painted simple things and plain people; "Juliet Courbet Sleeping" and "Burial at Ornans"
Honore Daumier Realism; one of the most famous French painters; political satirist and 1st political cartoons; "3rd Class Carriage" and "Don Quixote"
Impressionism revolt against Realism; the impression of that moment in time; very light, bright colors and positive view of urban society; enjoying life
Edouard Manet 1st Impressionist; "Luncheon on the Grass"
Claude Monet Impressionism; French; beautiful, bright colors and deep hues; lilies, girls, and haystacks
Edgar Degas Impressionism; French; ballerinas
Pierre Renoir Impressionism; most famous Impressionist; "Girl with a Watering Can" sold the most reproductions and repainted the most
Mary Cassatt Impressionism; American; only female painter to have works showcased in French museum; was disliked for sensual kids
Vincent Van Gogh Impressionism; chopped off left ear and sent to lover Paul Gauguin
Created by: r0402631