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AP World Chapter 31

Ap World History - Summerville High School

National Soviet (Nazi) Party founded by Adolf Hitler in the period of the Great Depression in Germany.
Winston Churchill British prime minister during World War II; exemplified British determination to resist Germany.
Blitzkrieg German term meaning lightning warfare; involved rapid movement of troops and tanks.
Vichy collaborationist French government established at Vichy in 1940 following defeat by Germany.
Battle of Britain British defeat of the Nazi air offensive.
Holocaust Germany’s attempted extermination of European Jews and others; 12 million, including 6 million Jews, died.
Battle of the Bulge failed Nazi effort in 1943–1945 to repel invading allied armies.
Pearl Harbor American naval base in Hawaii attacked by Japan in December 1941; caused American entry into World War II.
Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway Island United States air and naval victories over the Japanese; opened the way for attack on Japanese homeland.
United Nations global organization, founded by the Allies following World War II.
Teheran Conference (1944) meeting between the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union; decided to open a new front against Germany in France; gave the Russians a free hand in eastern Europe.
Yalta Conference (1945) agreed-upon Soviet entry into the war against Japan, organization of the United Nations; left eastern Europe to the Soviet Union.
Potsdam Conference (1945) meeting between the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union in 1945; the allies accepted Soviet control of eastern Europe; Germany and Austria were divided among the victors.
total war 1900s warfare; vast resources and emotional commitments of belligerent nations were marshaled to support military effort; resulted from impact of industrialization on the military effort reflecting technological innovation and organizational capacity.
Atlantic Charter 1941 pact between the United States and Britain; gave Britain a strong ally; in return the document contained a clause recognizing the right of all people to select their own government.
Quit India movement mass civil disobedience campaign against the British rulers of India in 1942.
Muslim League Indian organization that emerged at the end of World War II; backed Britain in the war.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Muslim Indian nationalist; leader of the Muslim League; worked for a separate Muslim state; first president of Pakistan.
Convention Peoples Party (CCP) political party established by Kwame Nkrumah in opposition to British control of colonial legislature in Gold Coast.
Jomo Kenyatta leader of Kenyan African Union, a nonviolent nationalist party; became first president of independent Kenya in 1962.
Kenya African Union (KAU) leading nationalist party in Kenya; adopted nonviolent approach to ending British control in the 1950s.
Land Freedom Army Kenyan underground group, led by radicals from the Kenyan African Union; engage in terrorist acts against British and other opponents.
National Liberation Front (FLN) Algerian nationalist movement that launched a guerrilla war during the 1950s; gained independence for Algeria in 1962.
Secret Army Organization (OAS) Algerian settler group opposed to independence from France; gained strength in France.
Afrikaner National Party became the majority in the all-white South African legislature in 1948; worked to form the rigid system of racial segregation called apartheid.
apartheid policy of strict racial segregation imposed in South Africa to permit the continued dominance of whites politically and economically.
Created by: amygilstrap7