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AP World Chapter 25

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Mataram controlled most of interior Java in the 17th century; weakness of the state after the 1670s allowed the Dutch to expand their control over all of Java.
sepoys Indian troops, trained in European style, serving the French and British.
British Raj the British political establishment in India.
Plassey (1757) battle between the troops of the British East India Company and the Indian ruler of Bengal; British victory gave them control of northeast India.
Robert Clive architect of British victory at Plassey; established foundations of the Raj in northern India.
presidencies three districts that comprised the bulk of British-ruled territories in India during the early 19th century; capitals at Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay.
princely states ruled by Indian princes allied with the Raj; agents of the East India Company were stationed at their courts to ensure loyalty.
nabobs name given to British who went to India to make fortunes through graft and exploitation; returned to Britain to live richly.
Lord Charles Cornwallis British official who reformed East India Company corruption during the 1790s.
Ram Mohun Roy western-educated Indian leader, early 19th century; cooperated with British to outlaw sati.
Isandhlwana (1879) Zulu defeat of a British army; one of the few indigenous victories over 19th-century European armies.
tropical dependencies Western European possessions in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific where small numbers of Europeans ruled large indigenous populations.
settlement colonies colonies—such as South Africa, New Zealand, Algeria, Kenya, and Hawaii—where European populations lived among and replaced indigenous peoples.
White Dominions a type of settlement colony—as in North America and Australia—where European settlers made up the majority of the population.
white racial supremacy belief in the inherent superiority of whites over the rest of humanity; peaked in the period before World War I.
Natal British colony in southern Africa; developed after Boer trek north from Cape Colony; major commercial outpost at Durban.
Boer republics independent states—the Orange Free State and Transvaal—established during the 1850s in the South African interior by Afrikaners.
Cecil Rhodes British entrepreneur in South Africa; manipulated the political situation to gain entry to the diamonds and gold discovered in the Boer republics.
Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) fought between the British and Afrikaners; British victory and post-war policies left Africans under Afrikaner control.
Captain James Cook his voyages to Hawaii from 1777 to 1779 opened the islands to the West.
Created by: amygilstrap7