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AP World Chapter 23

Ap World History - Summerville High School

caravels Slender, long-hulled vessels used by Portuguese; highly maneuverable and able to sail against the wind; key to development of Portuguese trade empire in Asia.
Asian sea trading network divided, from West to East, into three zones prior to the European arrival; an Arab zone based on glass, carpets, and tapestries; an Indian zone with cotton textiles; and a Chinese zone with paper, porcelain, and silks.
mercantilists proponents of mercantilism; an economic theory that gave central importance to maintaining a positive balance of trade with other nations.
Ormuz Portuguese establishment at the southern end of the Persian Gulf; a major trading base.
Goa Indian city developed by the Portuguese as a major Indian Ocean base; developed an important Indo-European population.
factories European trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; used throughout the Portuguese trading empire to ensure secure landing places and commerce.
Batavia Dutch establishment on Java; created in 1620.
Dutch trading empire the Dutch system extending into Asia with fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of a limited number of products.
Luzon island of the northern Philippines; conquered by Spain during the 1560s; site of a major Catholic missionary effort.
Mindanao island of the southern Philippines; a Muslim area able to successfully resist Spanish conquest.
Francis Xavier Franciscan missionary who worked in India during the 1540s among outcast and lower-caste groups; later worked in Japan.
Robert di Nobili Italian Jesuit active in India during the early 1600s; failed in a policy of converting indigenous elites first.
Hongwu first Ming emperor (1368–1403); drove out the Mongols and restored the position of the scholar-gentry.
Macao and Canton the only two ports in Ming China where Europeans were allowed to trade.
Matteo Ricci and Adam Schall Jesuit scholars at the Ming court; also skilled scientists; won few converts to Christianity.
Chongzhen last emperor of the Ming Dynasty; died in 1644.
Oda Nobunaga the first Japanese daimyo to make extensive use of firearms; in 1573, deposed the last Ashikaga shogun; unified much of central Honshu; died in 1582.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi general under Nobunaga; succeeded as a leading military power in central Japan; continued efforts to break power of the daimyos; became military master of Japan in 1590; died in 1598.
Tokugawa Ieyasu vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; succeeded him as the most powerful military figure in Japan; granted title of shogun in 1603 and established the Tokugawa shogunate; established political unity in Japan.
Edo Tokugawa capital, modern-day Tokyo; center of Tokugawa shogunate.
Deshima island port in Nagasaki Bay; the only port open to foreigners, the Dutch, after the 1640s.
School of National Learning 18th-century ideology that emphasized Japan’s unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture at the expense of Confucianism and other Chinese influences.
Created by: amygilstrap7