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AP World Chapter 17

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
world economy created by Europeans during the late 16th century; based on control of the seas; established an international exchange of foods, diseases, and manufactured products.
Cape of Good Hope southern tip of Africa; first circumnavigated in 1488 by Portuguese in search of direct route to India.
Christopher Columbus Italian navigator in the service of Aragon and Castile; sailed west to find a route to India and instead came upon the Americas in 1492.
East India Companies British and Dutch trading companies that obtained government monopolies of trade to India and Asia; acted independently in their regions.
Lepanto naval battle between Spain and the Ottoman Empire resulting in Spanish victory in 1571; demonstrated European naval superiority over Muslims.
core nations nations, usually European, that profited from the world economy; controlled international banking and commercial services; exported manufactured goods and imported raw materials.
mercantilism the colonial economic policy, by which a colonizing nation must import only from its own colonies, but sell exports as widely as possible.
mestizos people of mixed European and Native American heritage.
Vasco de Balboa (1475?–1517), Spanish adventurer; explored Central America.
Francisco Pizarro (1478–1541); Spanish explorer; arrived in the Americas in 1502; joined Balboa in Panama, then successfully attacked the Inca Empire.
New France French colonies in Canada and elsewhere; extended along St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes and down Mississippi River valley system.
Seven Years’ War fought in Europe, Africa, and Asia between 1756 and 1763; the first worldwide war.
Treaty of Paris concluded in 1763 following the Seven Years’ War; Britain gained New France and ended France’s importance in India.
Cape Colony Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 to provide a coastal station for Dutch ships traveling to and from Asia; settlers expanded and fought with Bantu and other Africans.
Boers Dutch and other European settlers in Cape Colony before 19th-century British occupation; later called Afrikaners.
Calcutta British East India Company headquarters in Bengal; captured in 1756 by Indians; later became administrative center for populous Bengal.
Created by: amygilstrap7