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9. Africa 600-1450

Ap World History - Summerville High School

stateless societies African societies organized around kinship or other forms of social obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with states.
Ifriqiya Arabic term for eastern north Africa
Maghrib Arabic term for western north Africa.
Almohadis a reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa.
juula Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali Empire; eventually spread throughout much of west Africa.
Sundiata The "Lion Prince"; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali empire; died about 1260.
griots professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire.
Ibn Batuta Arab traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records.
Timbuktu Port city of Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university.
Songhay successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of the Niger valley; formed as independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali (r.1464-1492)
Hausa peoples of northern Nigeria, formed states following the demise of Songhay Empire that combined Muslim and pagan traditions.
Muhammad the Great extended the boundaries of Songhay Empire; Islamic ruler of the mid-16th century.
Sharia Islamic law, defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance.
Zenj Arabic term for the east African coast.
Benin powerful city-state (in present-day Nigeria) that came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century.
demography the study of population.
demographic transition shift to low birth rate, low infant death rate, stable population, first emerged in western Europe and United States in late 19th century.
Kongo Kingdom, based on agriculture, formed on lower Congo River by late 15th century; capital at Mbanza Congo ruled by hereditary monarchy.
Great Zimbabwe Bantu confederation of Shona-speaking peoples located between Zambezi and Limpopo rivers; developed after 9th century; featured royal courts buildt of stone; created centralized state by 15th century; king took title of Mwene Mutapa.
Created by: amygilstrap7