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10. Byzantine Empire

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Hagia Sophia New domed church constructed in Constantinople during reign of Justinian.
Belisarius (c. 505–565); one of Justinian’s most important military commanders during the attempted reconquest of western Europe; commanded in north Africa and Italy.
Greek fire Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; used to drive back the Arab fleets attacking Constantinople.
Bulgaria Slavic kingdom established in northern portions of Balkan; peninsula; constant source of pressure on Byzantine Empire; defeated by Basil II in 1014.
icon An artistic representation, usually of a religious figure.
Cyril 827-869 Along with Methodius, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans; converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity; responsible for creation of writeen script for Slavic known as Cyrillic.
Kiev Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders in 9th century; focal point for kingdom of Russia that flourished until the 12th century.
Rurik legendary Scandinavian, regarded as founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 C.E.
Kievan Rus’ the predecessor to modern Russia; a medieval state that existed from the end of the 9th to the middle of the 13th century; its territory spanned parts of modern Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia.
Vladimir I ruler of Russian kingdom of Kiev from 980 to 1015; converted kingdom to Orthodox Christianity.
Russian Orthodoxy Russian form of Christianity brought from Byzantine Empire and combined with local religion; king characteristically controlled major appointments
Yaroslav (975–1054); Last of the great Kievan monarchs; issued legal codification based on formal codes developed in Byzantium.
boyars Russian landholding aristocrats; possessed less political power than their western European counterparts.
Tatars Mongols; captured Russian cities and largely destroyed Kievan state in 1236; left Russian Orthodoxy and aristocracy intact.
Methodius 826-885 Along with Cyril, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans; converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity; responsible for creation of writeen script for Slavic known as Cyrillic.
Created by: amygilstrap7