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8. Islam Spreads

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
lateen triangular sails attached to the masts of dhows by long booms or yard arms; which extended diagonally high across the fore and aft of the ship.
Harun al-Rashid most famous of the Abbasid caliphs (786–809); renowned for sumptuous and costly living recounted in The Thousand and One Nights.
Seljuk Turks nomadic invaders from central Asia via Persia; staunch Sunnis; ruled from the 11th century in the name of the Abbasids.
Crusades military campaigns launched by western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims, especially Palestine; captured Jerusalem and established Christian kingdoms (until 1291). later used for other purposes such as commercial wars and ending heresy.
Saladin (1137–1193); Muslim leader in the last decades of the 12th century; reconquered most of the crusader outposts for Islam.
Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) A Muslim historian; developed concept that dynasties of nomadic conquerors had a cycle of three generations - strong, weak, dissolute.
Shah-Nama epic poem written by Firdawsi in the late 10th and early 11th centuries; recounts the history of Persia from creation to the Islamic conquests.
ulama Orthodox religious scholars within Islam; pressed for a more conservative and restrictive theology; opposed to non-Islamic thinking.
al-Ghazali brilliant Islamic theologian; struggled to fuse Greek and Qur’anic traditions; not entirely accepted by ulama.
Mongols central Asian nomadic peoples; smashed Turko-Persian kingdoms; captured Baghdad in 1258 and killed the last Abbasid caliph.
Chinggis Khan (1162–1227); born 1170's following death of Kabul Khan; elected khagan of Mongol tribes in 1206; conquered northern kingdoms of China to Abbasid regions; died 1227 before the conquest of most of the Islamic world.
Hulegu 1217-1265 Ruler of the Ilkhan khanate; grandson of Chinggis Khan; responsible for capture and destruction of Baghdad in 1257.
Mamluks Muslim slave warriors; established a dynasty in Egypt; defeated the Mongols at Ain Jalut in 1260 and halted Mongol advance.
bhaktic cults Hindu groups dedicated to gods and goddesses; stressed the importance of strong emotional bonds between devotees and the gods or goddesses who was the object of their veneration; most widely worshiped gods were Shiva and Vishnu.
Mir Bai (1498-1547) Celebrated Hindu writer of religious poetry; reflected openness of bhaktic cults to women; low-caste woman poet and songwriter in bhaktic cults.
Kabir (1440-1518) 15th-century Muslim mystic; played down the importance of ritual differences between Hinduism and Islam.
Shrivijaya trading empire centered on Malacca straits between Malaya and Sumatra; controlled trade of empire; Buddhist government resistant to Muslim missionaries; fall opened up southeastern Asia to Muslim conversion.
Malacca Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located on the tip of the Malayan peninsula; traditionally a center for trade among the southeastern Asian islands.
Demak most powerful of the trading states on the north Java coast; converted to Islam and served as a dissemination point to other regions.
Created by: amygilstrap7