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6. Classical Wrap up

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Axum a state in the Ethiopian highlands; replaced Meroe in first century C.E; received influences from the Arabian peninsula; converted to Christianity.
Ethiopia A Christian nation that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalibela; retained Christianity in the face of Muslim expansion elsewhere in Africa.
Sahara desert running across northern Africa; separates the Mediterranean coast from southern Africa.
Shintoism religion of the early Japanese court;devotees worshiped numerous gods and spirits associated with the natural world; offers of food and prayers made to gods and nature spirits.
Teotihuacan site of classic culture in central Mexico; urban center with important religious functions; supported by intensive agriculture in surrounding regions; population of as many as 200,000.
Maya classic culture emerging in southern Mexico and Central America contemporary with Teotihuacan; extended over broad region; featured monumental architecture, written language, calendrical and mathematical systems, highly developed religion.
Inca group of clans centered at Cuzco that were able to create an empire incorporating various Andean cultures; term also used for leader of empire.
Polynesia islands contained in a rough triangle with its points at Hawaii, New Zealand,and Easter Island.
Yellow Turbans Chinese Daoists who launched a revolt in 184 C.E., promising a golden age to be brought about by divine magic.
Sui dynasty succeeding the Han; emerged from strong rulers in northern China; united all of norther China and reconquered southern China.
Tang dynasty succeeding the Sui in 618 C.E; more stable than previous dynasty.
Rajput regional military princes in western India; emphasized military control of their regions.
Diocletian Roman emperor (284–305 C.E.); restored later empire by improved administration and tax collection.
Constantine Roman emperor (321–337 C.E.); established his second capital at Constantinople; attempted to use religious force of Christianity to unify the empire spiritually.
Byzantine Empire eastern half of the Roman Empire following collapse of western half of old empire; survived until 1453; retained Mediterranean, particularly Greek; later lost Palestine, Syria, and Egypt to Islam; capital at Constantinople.
Augustine (Saint) Influential church father and theologian (354-430 C.E.); born in Africa and bishop of Hippo in Africa; champion of Christian doctrine against various heresies and important in the long -term development of Christian thought on issues as predestination.
Coptic Christian sect in Egypt, later tolerated after Islamic takeover.
Mahayana Chinese version of Buddhism; placed considerable emphasis on Buddha as god or savior.
Bodhisattvas Buddhist holy men and women; built up spiritual merits during their lifetimes; prayers even after death could aid people to achieve reflected holiness.
Jesus of Nazareth prophet and teacher among the Jews; believed by Christians to be the Messiah; executed c. 30 C.E.
Paul one of the first Christian missionaries; moved away from insistence that adherents of the new religion follow Jewish law; use of Greek as language of Church.
Pope Bishop of Rome; head of the Catholic church in western Europe.
Council of Nicaea Christian council that met in 325 C.E. to determine orthodoxy with respect to the Trinity; insisted on divinity of all persons of the Trinity.
Benedict of Nursia founder of monasticism in the former western half of the Roman Empire; established the Benedictine rule in the 6th century; paralleled development of Basil's rules in Byzantine empire.
Created by: amygilstrap7