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1. Early Man

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Homo sapiens sapiens species of humanity that emerged as most successful at the end of the Paleolithic.
Neolithic revolution the succession of technological innovations and changes in human organization that led to the development of agriculture, 8500–3500 B.C.E.
Hunting and gathering means of obtaining subsistence by humans before the mastery of sedentary agriculture; normally typical of tribal social organization.
Çatal Hüyük early urban culture based on sedentary agriculture; located in modern southern Turkey; larger in population than Jericho, had greater degree of social stratification.
Nomads cattle and sheep, herding societies normally found on the fringes of civilized societies; commonly referred to as “barbarian” by civilized societies.
Paleolithic period typified by use of evolving stone tools and hunting and gathering for subsistence. "Old Stone Age"
Neolithic period period in which adaptation of sedentary agriculture occurred; domestication of plants and animals accomplished. "New Stone Age"
Bronze Age characteristics increased use of plow, metalworking; development of wheeled vehicles, writing.
Patriarchy a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.
Matriarchy a form of social organization in which descent and relationship are reckoned through the female line.
Civilization societies with reliance on sedentary agriculture, ability to produce food surpluses, and existence of non-farming elites, along with merchant and manufacturing groups.
Mesopotamia literally “between the rivers”; the civilizations that arose in the alluvial plain of the Tigris Euphrates river valleys
Sumerians people who migrated into Mesopotamia circa 4000 B.C.E.; created the first civilization within the region; organized area into city states.
Cuneiform a form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
Ziggurats massive towers usually associated with Mesopotamian temple connections.
Pharaoh the term used to denote the kings of ancient Egypt; the term, “great house” refers to the palace of the pharaohs.
Pyramids monumental architecture typical of Old Kingdom Egypt; used as burial sites for pharaohs.
Created by: amygilstrap7