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Social Studies U2T

QuestionAnswer
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: political and economic: Government there became one central government instead of the 250 hans with ruling daimyo. The shogun was replaced with the Emperor
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: political and economic: Land ownership Domains were abolished and the country was divided into prefectures. Farmers could own the lands they worked
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Political and economic systems: Taxes In the Edo period, taxes were paid by the village to the daimyo and the daimyo paid the Shogun in rice. In the Meiji period, taxes were collected directly by the central government and were based on the 3% land tax on the British government model
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Political and economic systems: Military the samurai were done with and there was no need for each daimyo to have their own army. The Edict for Conscription in 1873 made the military service compulsory. The army was based on the German model and the navy was based on the British model.
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Political and economic systems: Foreign Relations In the Edo period, the priority was to keep peace and order so the national secultion policy was implemented. In the Meiji period, Japan came out of isolation and modernized and learned about Western militatry and tech.
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Social Systems: Education In the edo period there was two types of schools - one for the samurai and another for commoners, which only taught basic skills. In the Meiji period, school became compulsory for all people and there was a standerdized curriculum.
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Social systems: Class structure The feudal system was abolished in the Meiji period which dismantled class hierarchy and allowed individuals to take advantage of the social mobility.
Summary of changes between Edo and Meiji periods: Culture Most culture was maintained although society adopted many ways of the west. There was also religious freedom.
Created by: MUFU