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Anatomy Exam 3

Liver, Gallbladder, Sleen and Pancreas

QuestionAnswer
This organ occupies almost all of the right hypochondrium, Epigastrium and extends into the Left hypochondrium Liver
All substance from the GI tract except for fat are initially conveyed to the liver by what Portal vein
Why are teh substances from the GI tract conveyed to the liver For Detoxification prior to reaching the right atrium of the heart
What does the liver produce that aids in digestion of fat Bile
What connects the liver to teh diaphragm Coronary Ligaments
The Ligamentum Teres of the Liver is the remnant of what embriological structure Umbilical Vein
What are contained within the Hepatoduodenal Ligament Common Bile Duct, Hepatic Artery and Portal vein
What seperates the Left lobe of the liver from the Caudate lobe Fissure for Ligamentum Venosum
The Ligamentum Venosum is the remnant of what embriological structure Ductus Venosus
What seperates the Left lobe of the liver from the Quadrate lobe The Falciform ligament and ligamentum teres
What seperates the Right lobe of the liver from the Quadrate lobe Gallbladder
What seperates the Right lobe of the liver from teh caudate lobe Inferior vena cava
What seperates the Caudate lobe of the liver from the Quadrate Lobe Portal triad
What stores and concentrates bile Gallbladder
What does bile do Emulsifies fat
This portion of the gallbladder projects from teh inferior border of the liver to the tip of the right 9th costal cartilage along the midclavicular line Fundus
What are the functional units of the liver Hepatic lobules
What produces bile in the liver Hepatocytes
What ducts drain bile from the liver Right and Left Hepatic ducts
When the right and left hepatic ducts join they form the Common Hepatic Duct
What duct runs from the gallbladder Cystic Duct
When the Cystic duct joins the Common Hepatic duct they form the Common Bile Duct
Where does the common bile duct empty into Duodenum
Is the pancreas intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal Retroperitoneal
What are the parts of the pancreas Head, Neck, Body, Tail
What part of the pancreas is contained within the loop of the duodenum Head
What part of the pancreas is anterior and superior to the mesenteric vessels Neck
What part of the pancreas is the largest protion anc course to the left Body
What part of the pancreas contacts the spleen Tail
What type of gland is the pancreas Endocrine and Exocrine
What endocrine hormones does the pancreas secrete Insulin and Glucagon form the Islets of Langerhans
What exocrine secretions does the pancreas produce Pancreatic juices from acinar cells
What is the largest lymphatic organ that produces lymphocytes macrophages and antibodies Spleen
What organ destroys worn out red blood cells Spleen
What is the blood supply to the spleen Short gastric blood vessels in the gastrosplenic legament
What are the impressionsions and surface of the spleen Gastric Impression, Bolic Impression, Renal Impression, Diaphragmatic Surface
The pancreas receives blood from what two sources Celiac trunk and Superior Mesenteric artery
The union of the Superior Mesenteric Vein with the Splenic vein (the inferior mesenteric vein usually drains into the splenic vein)forms what Hepatic Portal vein
The liver is drain by what Hepatic veins
What do hepatic veins empty into Inferior vena cava
What does the free edge of the Hepatoduodenal Ligament contain Portal Vein, Proper Hepatic artery and Bile duct
When hepatocytes are destroyed and replaced by scar tissue, increased pressure in portal circulation results in Portal Hypertension
As less albumin is produced by the liver, water will accumulate in the legs known as ... and abdomen known as .... Edema, Ascites
A buildup of bilirubin Jaundice
The left gastric vein anastomoses with the Sumbucosal Esophageal veins
If portal hypertension is present and the submucosal esophageal veins are distended this is called Esophageal varices
The Superior Rectal vein anastomoses with the Middle Rectal vein
If portal hypertension is present and the Middle rectal veins are distended this is called Hemorrhoids (internal)
the Small veins around the LIgamentum teres anastomose with the Superficial abdominal veins
If portal hypertension is present and the Superficial abdominal veins are distended this is called Caput Medusa
Portal hypertension can be treated by diverting blood fromt eh portal to the Caval system
How is blood shunted from the portal to the caval system Splenorenal shunt, Side-to-side portacaval shunt, Mesocaval shunt, Tranjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt
This shunt is from the splenic veins to the Left renal vein Splenorenal shunt
This shunt is from the inferior end of the portal vein to the inferior vena cava Side-to-side shunt
This shunt is a prosthetic vascular graft between the Superior mesenteric vein to the inferior vena cava Mesocaval shunt
This shunt involves a catheter being placed in the right internal jugular vein. An intrahepatic shunt is created between a hepatic vein and a branch of the portal vein, creating a channel between the portal and hepatic veins Tranjuculat Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt
The liver develops from the foregut as an outgrowth called the Hepatic diverticulum
The gallbladder develops from the foregut as an outgrowth called the Hepatic diverticulum
The pancrease develops from dorsal and ventral ... that eventuall fuse to form the ... Pancreatic buds, definitive pancreas
The spleen develops within the dorsal Mesogastrium
Created by: mhaynes