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Chapter 19

The Muslim Empires

QuestionAnswer
an elite soldier of the Ottoman Turks janissary
an empire formed by outside conquerors who unified conquered regions through firearms gunpowder empire
the military and political leader of the Ottoman Empire and Seljuk Turks sultan
the "home" of the sultan, where he and his wives lived harem
the chief minister of the sultan grand vizier
an appointed official in the Ottoman Empire, who collected taxes and maintained law pasha
the group of religious advisers to the Ottoman sultans ulema
the term for "king" used in Iran and Persia shah
traditional religious beliefs orthodoxy
political disorder, chaos anarchy
a local official in Mogul India who received land for collecting taxes zamindar
the Hindu custom of cremating a widow on her husband's funeral pyre suttee
he started the Ottoman empire Osman
the Safavid Empire was based in this area Persia
the Mogul Empire was based in this area India
the Ottoman Empire was mainly based in this area Anatolian Peninsula
all three Muslim empires began in this area Central Asian steppes
the Ottoman conquered this capital of the Byzantine Empire Constantinople
Constantinople was renamed this, and became the capital of the Ottoman Empire Istanbul
he gained the title "the Conqueror" as he was sultan of the Ottoman Empire when the Byzantine Empire was conquered Mehmed II
he was sultan when the Ottoman Empire reached its height Suleyman
he had the titles, "the Magnificent" and "the Lawgiver" Suleyman
this church was converted into a mosque, sending shock waves throughout Europe Hagia Sophia
he was sultan of the Ottoman Empire when Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Arabia were conquered Selim I
the Ottomans and Moguls practiced this type of Islam Sunni
the main architectural contributions of the Ottomans were in this type of building mosques
when a sultan died, this person became the next sultan his son
in the Ottoman Empire, these people had more rights than elsewhere in the world at the time women
these two Western products were introduced to the Ottoman Empire, leading to laws prohibiting them by the government coffee and tobacco
he started the Safavid Empire Shah Esmail
the Safavid Empire practiced this type of Islam Shia
these two empires fought each other over territory in western Persia Safavid and Ottoman
in the Safavid empire, this was the center of commerce the bazaar
these two religions came into conflict in India Islam and Hinduism
he started the Mogul Empire Babur
Genghis Khan and Timer Lenk were ancestors of this leader Babur
by 1605, he had brought Mogul rule to most of India Akbar
this Mogul leader built the Taj Mahal as a tomb for his wife Shah Jahan
this European country came to India and helped to end Mogul rule there Great Britain
the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople in this year 1453
the Ottoman Empire began in this century late 13th
the Safavid Empire began in this century early 16th
the Mogul Empire began in this century early 16th
he created many policies that ended religious tolerance of Hindu customs in Mogul India Aurangzeb
this British company began collecting taxes around Calcutta, India in the mid 18th century East India Company
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt