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Industrial Rev 1

Beginnings and Inventions

QuestionAnswer
A time of great economic, technological, and social changes that began in England Industrial Revolution
land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurs Factors of Production
Reasons why Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain 1. Political Stability 2. Factors of Production 3. Exploration and Colonialism 4. Agricultural Revolution
Enclosure Movement Movement during the Agricultural Revolution where landowners fenced in property to protect crops from animals; caused poor to lose common land
An economic system based on private ownership of businesses, free competition, & maximizing profits Capitalism
Small scale industry where families use their own equipment to make products Cottage Industry
The first industry was in this area Textiles
Invented the Spinning Jenny James Hargreaves
Invented the Seed Drill Jethro Tull
Invented the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Invented the Power Loom Edmund Cartwright
Invented the Spinning Mule Samuel Crompton
Large buildings built to house machines; mostly built near water sources Factories
The system of manufacturing large numbers of identical items Mass Production
A mass production process in which a product is moved forward through many work stations Assembly Line
When certain people do certain jobs Division of Labor
Inventor of Interchangeable parts Eli Whitney
Used interchangeable parts for the first time in the car industry Henry Ford
British textile worker memorized textile machine blueprints and brought them to the United States and became known as the Father of American Industry Samuel Slater
Perfected the steam engine James Watt
Invented the steamship Robert Fulton
Mining industries that increased during Industrial Revolution Iron and coal
2 new forms of steam based transportation Steam locomotives Steamships
World's largest iron producer during Industrial Revolution Great Britain
Built the first affordable cars Henry Ford
Built the first airplane and flew the first sustainable flight Wrights Brothers
Inventor of Steel Henry Bessemer
Process used to make and purify steel Bessemer Process
Identical machine-made parts that can be substituted for each other in manufacturing Interchangeable parts
Inventor of telegraph Samuel Morse
Language used by telegraph Morse Code
Inventor of telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Device that allowed music to be played on recording in homes Phonograph
Inventor of the phonograph and lightbulb Thomas Edison
Inventor of the Wireless telegraph (radio) Gugliemo Marconi
Created by: argrant1215