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Global

Ch.3

TermDefinition
culture the way of life that distinguishes a people, for example, government, language, religion, customs, and beliefs
population density the average number of people living in a given area
birthrate the number of live births each year per 1000 people
immigrant a person who moves to a country
emigrant a person who leaves a country to live else where
urbanization the growth of city population
rural of, or characteristics of, the country side
culture hearth a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another
diffusion the process by which a culture element is transmitted from one group or individual to another
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
Sec.1 Main Idea the study of human geography focuses on a number of population topics, as well as many cultural topics
soverignty a country's freedom and power to decide on policies and actions
unitary government a system of government in which one central government holds most of the political power
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
authoritarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all the political power
dictatorship a system of government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person
totalitarian a system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
monarchy a system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch- a king, queen, shah, or sultan- whose position is usually inherited
democracy a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence econmy
market economy an economic system which decisions about production, price, and other economic are decided by the law of the supply and demand
command economy an economic system that is ca government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments
Sec.2 Main Idea the world's countries have a variety of government and economic systems based on differing philosophies
Created by: ebrock18