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Mod D Unit 4

Clinical Chemistry

TermDefinition
amylase one group of enzymes that cleave starch, glycogen, and other glucans
calcium a mineral important for blood clotting, enzyme activation, lactation, the functioning of the nerves and heart, and the firmness of the bones
cholesterol a substance occurring in animal tissues, egg yolks, various oils, fats from the liver, kidneys, and adrenal glands
electrolyte a substance that, in a solution, conducts an electric current and is decomposed by its passage
electrophoresis the movement of charged particles through the medium in which they are dispersed as a result of changes in electrical potential
enzyme proteins that change the rate of chemical reactions without needing an external energy source or being changed themselves
fasting abstention from food, usually voluntary
FBS fasting blood sugar. Testing a patients blood glucose levels after a period of fasting
glucose a simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
glucose tolerance test a test for diabetes mellitus and other disorders of carbohydrate metabolism
HDL high density lipoprotein, also known as good cholesterol
hemolyze to destroy red blood cells
jaundice a condition marked by yellow staining of body tissues and fluids, as a result of excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood stream
LDL low density lipoprotein, considered to be bad cholesterol
lipase a fat splitting enzyme found in blood, pancreatic secretion, and tissues
lysis the death of cells or microorganisms caused by antibodies, enzymes, or other substances
magnesium a mineral element found in soft tissue, muscles, bones, and to some extent bodily fluids
mineral an inorganic element or compound occurring in nature
photometry the measurement of light using rays
potassium a mineral element that serves as a principal ion in intracellular fluid and as an important electrolyte in extracellular fluid
protein one of a class of compounds that is synthesized by all living organisms and yield amino acids when hydrolyzed
sodium the most abundant ion in extracellular fluids. An inorganic metal. Salt
spectrophotometry an estimation of coloring in a matter by using a spectroscope
triglycerides any combinations of glycerol with three of five different fatty acids
Created by: aeevenam
 

 



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