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med term wk 6

Medical Terminology a living language

QuestionAnswer
what are the three formed elements of blood? erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
what are the two components of blood? formed elements, plasma
agglutin/o clumping
bas/o base
chrom/o color
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
eosin/o rosy red
Erythro red
fibrin/o fibers, fiberous
fus/o pouring
granul/o granules
hem/o blood
Hemat/o blood
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph
morph/o shape
neutr/o neutral
phag/o eat, swallow
sanguin/o blood
septic/o infection
thromb/o clot
-apheresis removal, carry away
-crit separation of
-cytosis more than normal number of cells
-emia blood condition
-globin blood protein
-penia abnormal decrease, too few
-phil attracted to
-poiesis formation
-stasis standing still
how much blood does the average adult have? 5 Litres
blood is a mixture of ___ floating in watery ____. cells, plasma
erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets are all an example of what? formed elements
what would you call the process of creating blood cells in the red bone marrow? hematopoiesis
which blood cell is responsible for transportation of substances? erythrocytes
which blood cells protect the body from invasion of microorganisms? leukocytes
which blood cells help to control bleeding? platelets
what are albumin, globulins and fibrogen examples of? plasma proteins
what percent of plasma is made up of plasma protiens? 8-10
what percent of plasma is made up of water? 90-92
which plasma protein transports fatty substances that cannot disolve in the watery plasma? albumin
which globulin acts as an antibody? gamma globulin
which plasma protein is a blood clotting protein? fibrogen
what is a word meaning a cell with no nucleus? enucleated
what makes red blood cells appear red? hemoglobin
which part of the red blood cell picks up oxygen from the lungs? hemoglobin
how many erythrocytes are there per cubic milimeter of blood? about 5 million
between male and female parties who would have more red blood cells? men
what is the total number of erythrocytes in an average sized adult? 35 trillion
what is the lifespan of an erythrocyte? 120 days
which part of the red blood cell is not reused and is disposed of by the liver? biblirubin
how many leukocytes are there per cubic milimeter of blood? 8000
what are the five types of leukocytes? basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, lymphocytes
what would you call a leukocyte with granules in the cytoplasm? granulocytes
what would you call a leukocyte without granules in the cytoplasm? agranulocytes
which leukocyte releases histamine and hepharin to damaged tissue? basophils
which leukocytes destroy parasites and increase during allergic reactions? eosinophils
which leukocytes engulf foreighn and damaged cells and are the most numerous of the leukocytes? neutrophils
which leukocytes engulf foreign and damaged cells? monocytes
which leukocytes play several roles in immune response? lymphocytes
what is another term for platelet? thrombocyte
what would you call the results of a shattered ccytoplasm? platelets
how many platelets are there in a cubic milimeter in the body? between 200 and 300 thousand
what is another word for blood clotting? hemostasis
what is the word for clumping together? agglutinate
what would you call a laboratory test to find the type of blood a person has? blood typing
what are the two most important blood markers? ABO system and the RH factor
lip/o fat
phleb/o vein
-globin protein
-ia condition
-ion action
-logy study of
-lytic destruction
-oma swelling
-otomy cutting into
-plastic pertaining to development
-rrhage abnormal flow
-rrhagic pertaining to abnormal flow
dys- abnormal
pan- all
which leukocyte attracts a basic PH stain? basophil
which leukocyte attracts a rosy red stain? eosinophil
which term means pertaining to blood? sanguinous
what would you call the hard collection of fibrin which is the end result of hemostasis? blood clot
what would you cal converting from a liquid to a gel or solid? coagulate
what is the word that indicates the presence of a disease affecting the blood? dyscrasia
what is another term for a rbuise? hematoma
what would you call the rapid flow of blood? hemorrhage
what would you call the disease which affects the ability to form a clot? hemophilia
what would you call a condition in which there was too many lipocytes in the blood stream? hyperlipidemia
what would you call a condition in which a person had too few of all cells? pancytopenia
what is another term for blood poisoning? septicemia
what would you call a condition in which there is a reduction in the number of blood cells which results in not enough oxygen getting to the tissues? anemia
what would you call a severe form of anemea that results from loss of functioning red bone marrow? aplastic anemia
what would you call a condition in which a person has too many red blood cells? erythrocytosis
what would you call the condition of having too few red blood cells? erythropenia
what would you call anemia that results because of the destruction of red blood cells? hemolytic anemia
what would you call the destruction of a patients erythrocytes which occurs in receiving non compatible blood? hemolytic reaction/transfusion reaction
what would you call anemia resulting from not having enough hemoglobin in the erythrocytes? hypochromatic anemia
what would you call anemia resulting from not having enough Iron to produce hemoglobin? iron-deficiency anemia
what would you call anemia associated with not enough absorbtion of vitamin b12? pernicious anemia
what would you call the production of too many red blood cells by the bone marrow in which blood becomes too thick to flow through the vessels? polycythemia
what would you call a genetic disorder in which erythrocytes take on an abnormal curved shape causing them to be fragile and easily damaged? sickle cell anemia
what would you call a genetic disorder in which the body is unable to make hemoglobin? thalassemia
what would you call a cancer of the white blood cells? leukemia
what would you call a condition of having too many white blood cells? leukocytosis
what would you call a condition with too few white blood cells? leukopenia
what would you call a condition of having too many platelets? thrombocytosis
what would you call a condition with too few platelets? thrombopenia
what would you call a blood test used to determine the reate at which erythrocytes settle out of the blood after an anticoagulant is added? erythrocyte sedimentation rate
what would you call a blood test to measure the volume of red blood cells within the total volume of blood? hematocrit
what would you call a test to measure the amount of hemoglobin present in a given volume of blood? hemoglobin
what would you call a measure of the bloods coagulation abilities by measuring how long it takes for a clot to form after a prothrombin has been added to the blood? prothrombin time
what would you call the examination of erythrocytes for abnormalities in the shape? red blood cell morphology
what would you call the machine which does multiple blood chemistry tests at once? sequential multiple analyzer computer
what would you call the test to determine the number of each variety of leukocytes? white blood cell differential
what would you call a test in which a sample of bone marrow is removed by aspiration with a needle and examined for diseases? bone marrow aspiration
what would you call a procedure where you would make an incision into the vein in order to remove blood for a diagnostic test? phlebotomy
what would you call a procedure for collecting and storing a patients own blood several weeks before they will need it? autolongous transfusion
what would you call a blood tranfusion using another persons blood? homologous transfusion
what would you call the method for removing plasma from the body without depleting the formed elements? plasmapheresis
what is the abbreviation for acute lymphocytic leukemia? ALL
what is the abbreviation for acute myelogenous leukemia? AML
what is the abbreviation for basophils? basos
what is the abbreviation for bone marrow transplant? BMT
what is the abbreviation for complete blood count? CBC
what is the abbreviation for chronic lymphatic leukemia? CLL
what is the abbreviation for chronic myelogenous leukemia? CML
what is the abbreviation for differential? diff
what is the abbreviation foreosinophils? eosins, eos
what is the abbreviation for erythrocyte sedimentation rate? ESR, SR, sed rate
what is the abbreviation forhematocrit? HCT, Hct, crit
what is the abbreviation for hemoglobin? Hgb, Hct, HGB
what is the abbreviation for lymphocytes? lymphs
what is the abbreviation for monocytes? monos
what is the abbreviation for pernicious anemia? PA
what is the abbreviation for packed cell volume? PCV
what is the abbreviation for polymorphonuclear neutrophil? PMN, polys
what is the abbreviation for prothrombin time? PT, pro-time
what is the abbreviation for red blood cell? RBC
what is the abbreviation for segmented neutrophils? segs
what is the abbreviation for sequential multiple analyzer computer? SMAC
what is the abbreviation for white blood cell? WBC
What is the function of the immune system? fights disease and infections
what is the function of the lymphatic system? picks up excess tissue fluid, cleanses it, and returns it to the circulatory system
what are the five primary structures which make up the lymphatic system? lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils
adenoid/o adenoids
axill/o axilla, underarm
immun/o protection
inguin/o groin region
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node
lymphagi/o lymph vessel
nucle/o nucleus
path/o disease
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
tonsill/o tonsils
tox/o poison
-edema swelling
-globulin protein
what would you call the lymph vessels located around the small intestines? lacteals
what are the two large lymphatic ducts which the lymph vessels drain into? right lymph duct, thoracic duct
which lymphatic duct drains he right arm, right side of the head, neck, and chest? right lymphatic duct
what is the name of the vein the right lymphatic duct drains into? right subclavian vein
what is the name of the vein the thoracic duct drains into? left subclavian vein
where are lymph nodes located? along the route of the lymphatic vessels
what is another name for lymph node? lymph glands
which site for lymphs drains the arm and shoulder region? axillary, armpits
which site for lymphs drains the head and neck? cervical, neck
which site for lymphs drains the lower legs and lower pelvis? inguinal, groin
which site for lymphs drains the chest cavity? mediastinal, chest
what are the three sets of tonsils called? palatine tonsils, pharyngeal tonsils, lingual tonsils
what is another word for pharyngeal tonsils? adnoids
where is the spleen located? in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen
what would you call blood vessels spread out to be slow moving ? blood sinuses
what lines the blood sinuses to engulf and remove pathogens? phagocytic macrophages
where is the thymus gland located? the upper portion of the mediastinum
what is the thymus gland hormone? thymosin
what does thymosin do? changes lymphocytes to T lymphocytes/ T cells
what are the two forms of immunity? natural immunity, acquired immunity
what is another word for natural immunity? innate immunity
what would you call a foreign protein? antigen
what are the two distinct immunity processes? humoral immunity, cellular immunity
what is another word for humeral immunity? antibody-mediated immunity
what is another word for cellular immunity? cell-mediated immunity
what cells are produced in humeral immunity? B cells
what do the B cells produce? antibodies
what do you get when an antibody combines with an antigen? antigen-antibody complex
what two cells are produced in cellular immunity? T cells, NK cells
what does the NK stand for in NK cells? natural killer
what would you call something that physically attacked and destroyed pathogenic cells? cytotoxic
what would you call an infection as a result of hospital exposure? nosocomial infection
what would you call it when a patient or healthcare worker develops an infection from another patient or healthcare worker? cross-infection
what would you call it when a patient is infected with the pathogen that originally brought them to the hospital? reinfection
what does OSHA stand for? occupational safety and health administration
what would you call the spreading of a pathogen from one part of the body to another part of the body? self-inoculation
cortic/o outer region. cortex
pneumon/o lung
-iasis abnormal condition
Created by: Megsandbacon