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Endocrinology Review


hyponatremia abonormal condition of low sodium in the blood
gigantism abnormal overgrowth of the entire body
hypocalcemia abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood
pancreas an organ that contains the islets of Langerhans
homeostasis balance in the internal environment
dwarfism condition of being abnormally small
polyphagia condition of eating abnormally large amounts
obesity excessive accumulation of fat in the body
hypercalcemia excessive amount of calium in the blood
hyperkalemia excessive amount of potassium in the blood
hyperglycemia excessive amount of sugar in the blood
hirsutism excessive distribution of body hair
hypersecretion excessive secretion
hypokalemia extreme depletion of potassium in the blood
glucogenesis formation of glucose from glycogen
somatotropin human growth hormone
hyposecretion inadequate secretion
diuresis increased formation and secretion of urine
adrenal medulla inner section of the adrenal gland
atrophy lack of development
acromegaly marked enlargement and thickening of the bones in your jaw and face
electrolyte mineral salts that carry an electric charge
adrenal cortex outer section of the adrenal gland which secrets steroids
glucosuria presence of glucose in the urine
norepinephrine produced in the adrenal medulla; raises blood pressure
exophthalmos protiusion of the eyes
adrenalectomy surgical excision of the adrenal gland
thyroidectomy surgical excision of the thyroid gland
fasting blood sugar test that measures blood glucose levels after 12-hour fast
thyroid function test test that measures thyroid function
endocrinology the study of the ductless glands and their secretions
thyrotoxic thryoid poisoning
hypoglycemia too little sugar in the blood
adenoma tumor of a gland
hypogonadism underdevelopment of internal secretions of male sex glands
Created by: lexieeesmith