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7th - Ancient Rome

Chapter 15

Where did Constantine move the capital to because of its ideal location for trade and defense? Byzantium
Religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama that is still practiced in many Asian nations today Buddhism
seasonal winds that shape India's climate monsoons
India's modern religion that developed out of Brahmanism Hinduism
a social class in India that is based on your job caste
Roman artists created ________ out of tiny pieces of colored stone mosaics
The Aeneid is an example of an ________ written by Virgil which was modeled on the Greek Iliad and Odyssey epic
According to legend, when was Rome founded? 753 BC
In reality, Rome was founded when the people overthrew the Etruscans and formed a republic in ________ 509 BC
the watering of crops irrigation
group of people with similar customs, training, background, and income social class
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
a skill in one type of work specialization
the cultivation of soil to produce useful crops agriculture
Which 2 groups contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire by attacking and plundering cities? nomads and Germanic people
The Eastern Roman Empire is also called the ________, named after its capital city. Byzantine Empire
a king of ancient Egypt; the title means "great house" pharaoh
the ancient Chinese tradition that stresses respect and proper relationships in society Confucianism
a group of west African people that gradually moved south and east, spreading farming and herding as they moved Bantu
involving the continents of Europe and Asia trans-Eurasian
favorable for the growth of crops fertile
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other parts of the world cultural diffusion
human society with an advanced level of social and political organization and in the arts and sciences civilization
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper scribe
a belief in many gods or goddesses polytheism
a political unit that includes a city and its nearby farmland city-state
fertile soil that is deposited by a river silt
The ________ included laws on marriage, women's rights and crime. Justinian Code
The emperor had control over the ________ in the Byzanine Empire Eastern Orthodox Church
The ________ that the Roman army hired were not as loyal or disciplined as Roman soldiers, which weakened the empire's defenses. mercenaries
Which half of the Roman Empire was wealthier due to trade, better protected because of natural barriers, and had the capital city of Byzantium (later Constantinople) eastern
Which half of the Roman Empire had a weaker army, the capital city was Rome, and cities were smaller and far from trade routes? western
a group of years with some distinct feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
one of the Earth's 7 largest landmasses continent
an area of land with its own government and culture country
the horizontal lines on a globe or map that measure distances north or south of the Equator latitude
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east or west of the Prime Meridian longitude
something created at the time an event occurred by someone who was there to witness it primary source
something created after an event occurred by someone who did not witness it first hand secondary source
the preserved remains of life fossil
something man-made with historical significance artifact
a blending of Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian cultures Hellenistic
a body of land surrounded on 3 sides by water peninsula
a narrow strip of land that connects to larger landmasses isthmus
a long period of peace and stability in Rome Pax Romana
a person who lives in a place and is entitled to protection by the government citizen
a person who takes power in an illegal way tyrant
a form of government in which people elect their leaders republic
Roman architecture included things like domes, arches, and ________. vaults
The ________ had a lot of control over the Western Roman Empire Roman Catholic Church
What was the occupation of most early Romans? farmers and soldiers
a collection of many people and lands under the control of one person empire
a set of written rules code of law
acceptance of beliefs, practices and habits of others toleration
Diocletian was an ________ who had total power and did not consult the Senate before making decisions absolute ruler
Which branch of Christianity rejected the authority of the pope, was controlled by the emperor and was practiced mostly in the Byzantine Empire? Eastern Orthodox Church
Which branch of Christianity was headed by the pope and practiced mostly in the lands of the Western Roman Empire? Roman Catholic Church
In AD 410, the Huns ________ the city of Rome; looting and stealing from the people and destroying much of the city plundered
________ divided the Roman Empire in half in AD 285 in order to make it easier to rule Diocletian
Groups of _______, such as the Germanic peoples, constantly attacked the cities and towns of the Western Roman Empire nomads
Which emperor created a code of law based on those used in Rome, rebuilt the capital of Constantinople, and increased the size of the Byzantine Empire through war? Justinian
Created by: mrsdyer316