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7th - Ancient Rome

Chapter 13

QuestionAnswer
The people of Rome overthrew the Etruscans in 509 BC and formed a ________; a government in which people elect their leadres republic
Which development finally allowed for cultural diffusion in Ancient China? Silk Roads
Which geographic feature divided Greece into regions, made transportation difficult, and made it difficult to unite under one government? mountains
What was the basic unit of government in Ancient Greece? city-states
According to legend, Rome was founded in ________. 753 BC
In reality, Rome was founded in ________. 509 BC
Why did the people of Ancient China have little interaction with other cultures? geographic barriers
Which of the social classes in Ancient Rome was the largest? slaves
Following the death of Julius Caesar, ________ became the first emperor of Rome. Augustus
Which direction did the Bantu people migrate from their homeland? southeast
The ________ of the founding of Rome begins with Aeneas, a hero of the Trojan War. legend
Which document was created to ease tensions between the patricians and the plebeians by making both groups equal under the law and also explained the duties and rights of Roman citizens? The Twelve Tables
Rome's location on the Italian ________ helped with its development because it was surrounded on 3 sides by water. peninsula
Silk, paper and the wheelbarrow were all invented in ________. China
The ________ were the upper class of landowners who held the political offices in Rome. patricians
Which modern-day country was Mesopotamia located in? Iraq
Which process allowed Egyptians to grow crops in land that would otherwise have been desert? irrigation
the watering of crops irrigation
the cultivation of soil to produce useful crops agriculture
group of people with similar customs, backgrounds, training, and income social class
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
a skill in one type of work specialization
There were two ________ who led the executive branch in Rome consuls
Roman cities had advanced plumbing systems largely due to their use of ________ which brought fresh waters to the cities through a system of channels and pipes. aqueducts
a political unit that includes a city and its near by farmlands city-state
human society with an advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and sciences civilization
fertile soil deposited by a river silt
a belief in many gods or goddesses polytheism
Which event weakened the Greek city-states making it easy for King Phillip II to conquer Greece? Peloponnesian War
Which was the earliest known people to have lived in the Indus Valley? Harappan civilization
What caused Pericles' plan of moving everyone into the city of Athens fail? plague
Which rivers surround Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
a group of West African peoples who gradually moved south and east, bringing farming and herding to new regions. Bantu
involving the continents of Europe and Asia trans-Eurasian
ancient Chinese philosophy that stresses respect and proper relationships in society Confucianism
favorable for the growth of crops fertile
a king of ancient Egypt; the title means "great house" pharaoh
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other parts of the world cultural diffusion
Where did Pericles get the money to rebuild and beautify Athens? Delian League
a social class in India that is based on a person's job caste
the religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama and is still practiced in many Asian nations today Buddhism
seasonal winds that shape the climate of the Indian subcontinent monsoons
India's modern religion that developed out of Brahmanism Hindiuism
a person who takes power in an illegal way tyrant
a body of land surrounded on 3 sides by water peninsula
The idea of ________ is one of the most important advancements in math that was started in India zero
a narrow strip of land that connects 2 larger landmasses isthmus
a blending of Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian cultures Hellenistic
a person who lives in a place and is protected by its government citizen
In 82 BC, the patricians won the ________ that had been fought between the patricians and the plebeians. civil war
What happened to Julius Caesar because the members of the Senate feared that he would make himself king? assassinated
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
a group of years with some distinct feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east or west of the Prime Meridian longitude
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north or south of the Equator latitude
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
0 degrees latitude Equator
one of the Earth's 7 largest landmasses continent
an area of land with its own distinct government and culture country
something that was created at the time of a historical event by someone who witnessed it primary source
a historical account that was created after an event by someone who was not there to witness it secondary source
the preserved remains of life fossil
a man-made opbject with historical significance artifact
The Egyptians worshiped many gods so their religion was ________. polytheistic
Which branch of the Roman government was made up of 8 judges that interpreted the laws? judicial
Which branch of the Roman government was led by 2 consuls and commanded the army? executive
Which branch of the Roman government was made up of the Senate and the Assemblies and made the laws? legislative
The twins Romulus and ________, were descendants of Aeneas who wanted to start a city, bit couldn't agree on its location. Remus
________ was named dictator for life in 44 BC, but was assassinated shortly after. Julius Caesar
The _______ was a long period of peace and stability in the Roman Empire that started during the rule of Augustus Pax Romana
acceptance of beliefs, practices, and habits of others toleration
a set of written rules code of law
a collection of many peoples and lands under the control of one ruler empire
What is the name for the shift from food gathering to food raising? Agricultural Revolution
The legislative branch in Rome included the assemblies and the ________. Senate
According to legend, ________ founded Rome in 753 BC after killing his brother Romulus
The common farmers who could vote but held no political power in Rome were called ________. plebeians
Created by: mrsdyer316