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Prefixes & Suffixes

Medical Terminology

-a noun suffix, no meaning
-ac pertaining to
-ad toward
-al, -ic, -ous pertaining to
-algia pain
-amnios ammion, amniotic fluid
-apheresis removal
-ar, -ary, -eal pertaining to
-atresia Absence of a normal body opening; occlusion; closure.
-cele hernia or protrusion
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid (with a sterile needle)
-cyesis pregnancy
-cyte cell
-e, -is, -um, -us noun suffix, no meaning
-ectasis stretching out, dilation, expansion
-ectomy excision or surgical removal
-emia blood condition
-gen substance or agent that produces or causes
-genesis origin, cause
-genic producing, originating, causing
-gram record, x-ray film
-gram record, radiographic image
-graph instrument used to record; record
-graphy process of recording, x-ray filming
-ia diseased or abnormal state, condition of
-ial pertaining to
-iasis, -esis condition
-ior pertaining to
-itis inflammation
-logist one who studies and treats (specialist physician)
-logy study of
-lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry measurement
-odynia pain
-oma tumor, swelling
-opsy view of, viewing
-oxia oxygen
-partum childbirth, labor
-pathy disease
-penia abnormal reduction in number
-pexy surgical fixation, suspension
-phagia eating or swallowing
-phonia sound or voice
-placia condition of formation, development, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-poiesis formation
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-rrhaphy suturing, repairing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-salpinx Fallopian tube
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction (spasmodic contraction)
-stenosis constriction or narrowing
-stomy creation of an artificial opening
-thorax chest
-tocia birth, labor
-tome instrument used to cut
-tomy cut into or incision
-tripsy surgical crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-uria urine, urination
a-, an- without or absence of
ante-, pre- before
bi- two
brady- slow
dia- through, complete
dys- painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
endo- within
epi- on, upon, over
eu- normal, good
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, incomplete, deficient
intra- within
meta- after, beyond, change
micro- small
multi- many
neo- new
nulli- none
pan- all, total
para- beside, beyond, around, abnormal
per- through
poly- many, much
post- after
pro- before
sub- under, below
tachy- fast, rapid
trans- through, across, beyond
uni- one
Created by: queenkiki