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Urinary

Body system

TermDefinition
urinary bladder muscular sac that holds urine and releases it to leave the body through urethra
kidney organ behind the abdomen that makes urine by filtering wastes from the blood
renal pelvis central section of the kidney
ureter/o tube leading form the kidney to urinary bladder
urethr/o tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of body
pyel/o renal pelvis
cyst/o urinary bladder
vesic/o urinary bladder
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pyelogram x-ray of renal pelvis
urethritis infl. of urethra
intraversical pert. within the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visual examination of urinary bladder
ureterectomy resection of a ureter
dysuria painful urination
hematuria blood in the urine
uremia high level of urea in bloodstream
nephrolithiasis abnormal condition of kidney stones
albuminuria abnormal condition of protein in urine
anuria no urine production
glycosuria sugar in urine
blood urea nitrogen test kidney function
BUN nitrogenous wast in blood
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram x-ray images taken as patient expelling urine
lithotripsy shock wave beamed into patient to crush stone in kidney or ureter
retrograde pyelogram x-ray images of ureters, bladder and urethra
urinary catheterization tube is passed through the urethra into th urinary bladder for short or long term drainage of urine
creatinine clearance test (Ccr), which measures the rate at which creatinine concentration in a blood sample is excreted in the urine over a 24-hour period
creatinine a crystalline end product of creatine metabolism, C 4 H 7 N 3 O, occurring in urine, muscle, and blood.
glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which is used to document stages of kidney disease
extracorporeal Occurring or situated outside the body.
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). shock waves crush stones eventual passage from the body with urine
peritoneal dialysis The removal of soluble substances and water from the body by transfer across the peritoneum, utilizing a solution which is intermittently introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity.
hemodialysis (HD) Removal of certain elements (impurities or wastes) from the blood, performed by diffusion of the blood through a semipermeable membrane; used in the treatment of renal failure and other toxic conditions
kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) x-ray without contrast material
Created by: ptenz
 

 



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