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Respiratory

Body system

TermDefinition
epiglottis flap of carilage over "mouth" of trachea
nose structure on face filter/warms air entering body
trachea windpipe
larynx voice box
pharynx throat
lung paired organ in chest through which oxygen enters and carbon dioxide leaves
bronchial tube tube that carry air from windpipe to the lungs
bronchiole small bronchial tube
air sac thin-walled sac, gases can pass into and out of bloodstream
phren/o diaphragm
phrenic pert. to diaphragm
atelectasis collapsed lung
hemothorax blood in the pleural space
asphyxia hyperinflation of air sacs and destruction of alveolar walls
emphysema extreme decrease in oxygen and increase in carbon dioxide in the blood
asthma spasm and narrowing of bronchial tubes
hemoptysis spitting up blood
tuberculosis infectious disease caused by bacilli. (virus)
pneumonia inflam. and infection of alveoli
pneumoconiosis condition of dust particles in the lung
ventilation-perfusion scans images reveal distribution of lung tissue
PFTs pulmonary function test measurements ventilation capability (spirometer)
sputum test material expelled by caughing is analyzed
tuberculin test agents applied to the skin with puncture and reaction is notes
endotracheal intubation a tube is placed through nose or mouth into windpipe establish airway
tracheostomy opening into windpipe through neck insertion of tube create airway
thoracentesis insertion of a needle through skin between ribs into pleural drain pleural fluid effusion
effusion escaping fluid
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ARDS
blood clot that blocks the vessels in the lung pulmonary embolism (PE)
Emphysema A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs, resulting in the loss of lung elasticity and decreased gas exchange.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) A progressive, irreversible condition marked by diminished lung capacity, dyspnea with physical exertion
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease difficulty inhaling or exhaling deeply, and sometimes a chronic cough.
Includes chronic bronchitis, asthma, and pulmonary emphysema. COPD
Atelectasis condition characterized by incomplete expansion or collapse of the alveoli.
lebectomy removal of portion of lung
pneumonectomy removal of lung
Created by: ptenz
 

 



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