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Unit 5 Vocab

TermDefinition
Agriculture Cultivation of animals, plants, and other life forms for food, medicinals, etc.
Crop A cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable
Agricultural Revolution Period of transition from the preagricultural period into an agricultural period by people beginning to eat cultivated foods
Plant/Animal Domestication Process by which wild plants or animals become adapted to humans and the environment they provide
Commercial Agriculture Farming for a profit or food is produced by advanced technological needs
Subsistence Agriculture Self sufficient farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families
Cereal Grain used for food such as wheat, oats, or corn
Grain Wheat or any other cultivated cereal crop used as food
Dietary energy consumption Proportion of undernourished people
Food security The state reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable nutritious food
Pastoral Nomadism Groups of people that raise livestock, and they move about within their established territory to find good pastures for their animals
transhumance the action or practice of moving livestock from one grazing ground to another
Pasture land covered with grass and other low plants
slash and burn agriculture large scale deforestation of acres of forests for agricultural usage
shifting cultivation form of agriculture in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned
swidden area of land cleared for cultivation by slashing and burning
intensive subsistence farmers producing enough for their own consumption while remaining produce is used for exchange for other goods
wet rice labor intensive, many people are required to do the job
sawah (paddy) wet or irrigated rice field in Indonesia
double cropping growing two or more crops in the same space during a single growing season
crop rotation rotating crops to replenish nitrogen back into the soil
plantation an estate on which crops are cultivated by resident labor
agribusiness agriculture conducted on commercial principles especially using advanced technology
truck farming production of crops on a large scale in regions especially suited to their culture, primarily for shipment to distant markets
milkshed a region furnishing milk to a particular community
intensive agriculture low fallow ratio and higher use of inputs such as capital and labor per unit land area
extensive agriculture agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers,and capital relative to the land area being used
winter wheat strains of wheat that are planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that don't resume growth until the early spring
spring wheat wheat that is sown in the spring and harvested int he late summer or fall
reaper person or machine that harvests the crop
combine to harvest plants and bring them together
horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management
ranching a large tract of land for rearing livestock
desertification process by which fertile land becomes desert
prime agricultural land land that has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for producing food
aquaculture the rearing of aquatic animals or the cultivation of aquatic plants for food
green revolution a large increase in crop production in developing countries achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high yield crop varieties
sustainable agriculture production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, etc.
Created by: amberlague