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Body system

an/o anus
append/o appendix
cholecyst/o Gall bladder
col/o colon
duoden/o first part intestine
jejun/o second part intestine
ile/o third part intestine
proct/o anus &rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o the S-shaped bend in the final portion of the large intestine that leads to the rectum
or/o mouth
cholelithiasis abnormal condition gallstones
cirrhosis chronic disease with degeneration of liver cells
colonic polyposis polyps pertrude from mucous membrane lining of colon
polyps projecting growth from a mucous surface, as of the nose, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane
diverticulosis An abnormal presence of diverticula, particularly through the muscular portion of the sigmoid colon
diverticulum A circumscribed pouch or sac of variable size developing normally or created by herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease condition contents of stomach back flow into esophagus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease infl, o last portion of ileum or infl. of colon
Crohn disease A chronic inflammatory bowel disease, usually affects the ileum, colon, or other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.
ulcerative colitis Chronic inflammatory ulceration of the colon, primarily affecting the mucosa and submucosa. Characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding.
mucosa Tunica mucosa, or mucous membrane
tunica tissue forming a layer or covering of an organ or part, such as any of the tissue layers of a blood vessel wall
IBS irritable bowel syndrome cramping, abdominal bloating, constipation and diarrhea
hepatocellular carcinoma liver cancer
jaundice yellow/orange color of skin and other tissues high level bilirubin in bloodstream
hyperbilirubinemia excessive bilirubin in blood
bilirubin The orange-yellow bile pigment, primarily the product of the breakdown of hemoglobin in erythrocytes at the end of their normal lifespan
LFTs liver function test measurement of liver enzymes and other substances in blood
abdominal computed tomography CT scan series of cross-sectional x-ray images show abdominal organs
cholangiography x-ray of bile ducts
stool culture feces are placed in growth medium/ tested for microorganisms
GI (gastrointestinal) endoscopy colonoscopy
hemoccult test feces are tested for blood, stool guaiac test
barium test x-ray images of GI tract obtained after introduction of a radiopaque lipuid into rectum or mouth
abdominal MRI magnetic waves create images of abdominal organs in three planes of body
anastomosis surgical opening between two gastrointestinal organs
laparoscopic surgery minimal invasive surgery
appendic appendix
Colon/o colon
stoma an opening created to relieve blockages
ileostomy is the surgical creation of a new opening from the ileum
Created by: ptenz