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Body system

aneurysm local widening of an artery
atherosclerosis formation of fatty deposits
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are a group of disease changes in the coronary arteries that lead to plaque or clot formation and heart attack
catheter ablation destroy abnormal tissue that is causing arrhythmias.
cardiac catheterization flexible catheter via a vein or artery into the heart to detect blood flow and pressure.
MUGA scan images the motion of heart wall muscles using radioactive chemicals.
CHF, congestive heart failure. a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues
CAD, coronary artery disease Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which can cause angina pectoris or heart attack
thrombolytic process reducing blood clot
lipid test to measure cholesterol and triglycerides in his bloodstream
LDL low-density lipoprotein
HDL high-density lipoprotein
endarterectomy, the fatty deposits are surgically removed
thallium stress testing assesses blood flow to the myocardium during exercise after injection of the radioisotope thallium 201.
serum enzyme tests Tests used to determine whether a cardiac infarction has occurred.
positron emission tomography (PET) A computerized radiographic technique that employs injected radioactive substances to examine the metabolic activity of various body
occlusion closure or blockage of a blood vessel: coronary occlusion.
bout period, spell of
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) back flow of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract into the esophagus, often leading to burning pain in the esophagus
esophagitis esophageal ulcer.
inflammatory bowel disease Ulceration of the lining of the intestine characterized by bleeding and diarrhea
Crohn disease A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the ileum, colon, or other parts of the gastrointestinal tract
ulcerative colitis Chronic inflammatory ulceration of the colon,
motility capable of moving
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) Abnormally increased motility of the intestines including diarrhea and abdominal pain. IBS is commonly associated with emotional stress.
delineate outline
polyp/o benign growth that protrudes from the mucous membrane
colonic polyposis Polyps occurring in the colon
anal fistula abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus, which often results from an infection
anal fissure painful narrow slit in the mucous membrane of the anus.
diverticulosis An abnormal presence of diverticula, particularly through the muscular portion of the sigmoid colon
cholelithiasis The presence or development of gallstones, either in the common bile duct or in the gallbladder
cholangi/o bile vessel
barium tests barium mixture is introduced into the GI tract and then x-ray pictures are obtained
diverticulum saclike herniation of the mucosal layer through the muscular wall of the colon.
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) contrast medium is injected via a catheter tube through the mouth, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and then into the bile ducts
sigmoidoscopy Visual inspection of the sigmoid colon by means of a sigmoidoscope
anastomosis 1. A connection between two vessels. 2. An opening created by surgical, pathological, or traumatic means between two normally distinct structures.
surg- hand
Created by: ptenz