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Chapter 17

The Age of Exploration

QuestionAnswer
a small, fast ship with a large cargo hold and usually three masts with lateen sails caravel
a leader in the Spanish conquest of the Americas conquistador
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and direct government control colony
a set of economic principles that said that the wealth of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver mercantilism
a large agricultural estate plantation
the forced voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas Middle Passage
a person born on the Iberian Peninsula and living in the Americas, usually as a government official peninsulare
a person of European descent born in Latin America and living there permanently creole
a person of mixed European and Native American descent mestizo
a person of mixed European and African descent mulatto
a labor system used by the Spanish in the Americas where Native Americans were used as forced labor encomienda
a labor system in the Americas used by the Spanish in Peru, forcing native people to work, usually in mines mita
Francisco Pizarro conquered these people Inca
Hernan Cortez conquered these people Aztec
The Inca were conquered in this year 1533
The Aztec were conquered in this year 1519
This European explorer first encountered the Americas in 1492 Christopher Columbus
In 1498, Vasco da Gama reached this area India
In 1488, this explorer reached the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa Bartholomeu Dias
This was the highest social class in the Spanish colonies of the Americas peninsulares
This was the second highest social class in the Spanish colonies of the Americas creoles
These two groups made up the third highest social class in the Spanish colonies of the Americas mestizos/mulattoes
These two groups were the lowest social class in the Spanish colonies of the Americas slaves/Native Americans
The trading of diseases, food, animals, people, and goods between the Americas and Afro-Eurasia is known as this Columbian Exchange
This disease caused the most deaths of indigenous peoples in the Americas smallpox
Spain, Portugal, England, and these two other countries claimed land in the Americas Netherlands, France
This was the only large domestic animal in the Americas prior to the Columbian Exchange llama
Europeans developed immunities to diseases from these domestic animals
This metal was a key in allowing the Europeans to conquer indigenous people steel
This animal was significant in allowing the Europeans to conquer indigenous people horse
The east coast of the present-day United States was mostly settled by this country England
These people were brought to the Americas as slaves Africans
This was the main crop grown on plantations in Brazil and the Caribbean sugar
This was the first step of the Triangular Trade system manufactured goods from Europe to Africa
This was the second step of the Triangular Trade system slaves from Africa to the Americas
This was the third step of the Triangular Trade system raw materials from the Americas to Europe
Approximately this many African slaves were brought to the Americas over the course of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade 12 million
The majority of African slaves were brought to this area Caribbean
This country was colonized by Portugal Brazil
The slave trade was officially abolished by Britain in this year 1807
The Dutch first reached Southeast Asia and set up a trading company in this year 1595
This church had a significant impact in the Americas as missionaries Catholic
Most slaves were taken this area of Africa in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade west
He was the first person to travel all the way around the world Ferdinand Magellan
The first slaves were brought to the Americas by the Portuguese in this year 1502
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt