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RBC and Hemoglobin Worksheet

What physiologic factors affect the red blood cell count? 1.) Altitude, 2.) Body Fluid (pregnancy & Dehydration)
What is Erythrocytosis? Red Blood Cell Count above normal
What causes Erythrocytosis? Polycythemia Vera (many cells in the blood) (Bone marrow making too many RBCs, WBCs, Platelets) (Cancer -Bone marrow cancer)
What causes Oligocythemia? Anemias (many kinds), Leukemias (many kinds) Bleeding
What is the function of hemoglobin? Carries Oxygen
What is the abbreviation for Hemoglobin? Hgb
What's makes heme? Iron & Protoporphyrin Heme is only 4%.
What makes Globin? RNA (ribonucleic Acid) Amino Acids (building blocks of protein)
Three normal genetic types of hemoglobin? A1, A2, F
What is Electrophoresis? lab method that seperates genetic types of hemoglobin
What are the normal adult hemoglobin values for Men? 15 - 17 g/dL
What are the normal adult hemoglobin values for Women? 12 - 16 g/dL
What are the physiologic factors that affect the RBC count and hemoglobin value? Age, Gender, Altitude, Body Fluid
Which diseases cause a decrease in Hgb? Anemia, Leukemia, Bleeding
Which diseases cause an increase in Hgb? Polycythemia Vera, Dehydration
Two normal physiologic types of hemoglobin Oxyhemoglobin (arterial blood) Reduced Hemoglobin (Venous Blood)
What can abnormal hemoglobin pigments no longer do? cannot carry oxygen
Cherry Red abnormal hemoglobin pigments carboxyhemoglobin, combined with carbon monoxide Does not carry Oxygen
Chocolate Brown abnormal hemoglobin pigments Methemoglobin, Iron in the FE+2, FE+3, ferric Does not carry Oxygen
Lavender/Mauve abnormal hemoglobin pigments Sulfhemoglobin, combines with sulter Does not carry Oxygen
How does CLIA classify the STAT-site M Hgb meter? Waived
Which units are used to report Hgb results? g/dL grams per deci-liter
What does H & H stand for? Hemoglobin & Hematocrit
Normal Male adult hemoglobin values 15 - 17 g/dL
Normal Female adult hemoglobin values 12 - 16 g/dL
Normal male RBC count 4.5 - 6.0 Million RBC/mm3
Normal Female RBC count 4.0 - 5.5 Million RBC/mm3
WBC count 4.0 - 11.0 X 10.3/mm3
Created by: wenchie040