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Prehistory to 1500

What is another word for Australopithecines? Lucy
What does Australopithecine mean? Southern Ape
What does Nomadic mean? No home
Agriculture (Neolithic Revolution) is what? The most important event in history
Race is determined by what? Climate
What does Neolithic Age mean? It's about the tools you use
What does Mesopotamia mean? Birthplace of Civilization
Mesopotamia is where? In between the rivers
What is irrigation? Moving water
What is a civilization? 1. Food Surplus 2. Advanced Cities 3. Advanced Technology 4. Skilled Workers 5. Complex Institutions - government, religion 6. System of Writing/record keeping
Where did we all come from? Africa
Where is Mesopotamia now? Modern day Iraq
Homo Sapiens Sapiens are what? Modern humans
What is between Tigris and Euphrates? Mesopotamia
What does Neolithic mean? New Stone
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone
What does Nomadic mean? To follow food
Where did Homo Sapiens Sapiens originate? Africa
What did men do? Hunt
What did women do? Gather
What was he Code of Hammurabi? An eye for an eye
What was the writings called in Ancient Egypt? Hieroglyphics
Which way does the Nile flow? North
What is Bureaucracy? Compartments
Cuneiform is what kind of writing? Mesopotamia
When did Hammurabi reign? 1700s BCE
Who got less of a punishment? Higher Class
What was the Rosetta Stone used for? To translate hieroglyphics
What did the Social Structure look like in Ancient Egypt? A pyramid
What does Harappa mean? Ancient India
What does Caste mean? Social Level
What was the Social Level in Caste System? 1. Priests 2. Warriors 3. Workers
What group was outside of the Caste System? Untouchables
What are the Untouchables considered to be? Sub-Human
Who should not be touched or spoken to? Untouchables
What is Hierarchy? Rankings
What does Mesoamerica mean? Mexico/Central America
Why did Mesoamerica start later? Inhabited later and bad geography (mountains/deserts)
No Beast of ______? Burden (pack animals)
What means Old Mexico? Olmec
Trade rotes for India's empire is known as what? Silk Roads
What was known as the desert ship? Camels
Camel Caravans traveled from and to where? From China to India, Africa, and Europe
What kinds of Luxury items were carried on the Silk Road? Silk/Jewelry
The Silk Road also exchanged what? Religion and Culture
Shang Dynasty used what? Oracle Bones
Zhou Dynasty believed in what? Mandate of Heaven
Qin Dynasty did what? Built the Great Wall to keep out nomads
Polis means what? City
Greek was what? City states. Not one big country.
Wes Europe and the United States are known as what? "The West"
Athens was what? The source of Western culture
Who invented drama? Athens
Athens was all about what? Democracy (Direct)
What is Direct Democracy? Everyone votes
Sparta was all about what? War
Sparta was what? Isolated, Oligarchy
What does Oligarchy mean? Ruled by few
What war did Athens lose to Sparta in? Peloponnesian War
By what age was Alexander the Great when he conquered most of the Mediterranean? 20
Who spread Greece the farthest? Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great started Hellenistic (_____) Age Golden
Where did Alexander the Great spread Greece to? Greece to India
Who questioned everything? Socrates
The Philosophers wanted to do what? Explain nature without saying "the gods did it"
What is a Republic Democracy? People pick Reps
Roman was ruled by kings, then what? Republic
What are patricians? Upper class, people who owned land
What are Plebeians? Lower class, poor people/peasants
What did the Senate do? Make laws
What was the first set of Roman laws? 12 Tables
What are two Roman laws that are like the laws we have today? 1. Innocent until proven guilty 2. Right to defend self in court
Who did the Jews in Israel resist? Romans
Jesus was born when? 1 AD
What happened after Jesus's death? Branch of Judaism developed into Christianity
Where is Mali? West Africa
What was traded in Mali? Gold and Salt
What is the capital of Mali? Timbuktu
What did Mansa Musa do? Doubled the size of Mali
What was brought to Mali? Tons of Gold
Who had the largest land empire ever? Mongols
Who almost took over the world? The Mongols
Who died to keep the Mongols from taking over Europe? Ogedi
What storm hit that keep the Mongols from taking over Japan? Kamikaze (divine winds)
Japan was what? Agriculture based, rice
Japan used what? Feudal Land System
Who invaded the "Christian" territories? Muslims
What did Muslims preserve? Greek and Roman text
Crusaders brought back text such as who? Plato and Aristotle
What did the Muslims lead to? The Renaissance
The Muslims brought what into the world? 1. Science 2. Technological Advancements 3. Mathematical Advancements 4. Banking
What did the Holy Roman Church and Eastern Orthodox Church do? Split
What does Schism mean? Split
Who was the only aloud to marry in the Great Schism? Orthodox Priest
What was the Black Plague? Bubonic Plague
Where did the Black Plague travel to? Middle East
Who carried the Black Plague to the Middle East? Traders, Mongols on the Silk Roads
How many people did the Black Plague kill? 1/2 of Europe's pop
What was the Black Plague transmitted by? Rodents, Fleas, Bacteria
Loss of what is the Church? Faith