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Prehistory to 1500

PHAT stacks

What does Neolithic mean? New Stone
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone
Australopithecines means? Southern ape
First upright hominids? 3-4 million years ago
Australopithecines nickname? Lucy
Homo Sapiens were around 120,000 years ago
Homo Sapiens Sapiens 30,000 BCE - Modern Humans
Homo Sapiens Sapiens crossed the Bearing Straight in? 25,000 BCE
Homo Erectus left where? Africa
Homo sapiens sapiens originated in? Africa
Nomadic means? follow food, no home
Men did the hunting
women did the gathering
The Neolithic Age was from 8,000-5,000 BCE
Agriculture was the Most important event in history
Cities, Religion, and Metal tool where made in what age Neolithic age
What is a civilization? Food Surplus Advanced cities Advanced technology Skilled workers complex institutions System of writing
Mesopotamia means? middle of rivers
Mesopotamia was located between which two rivers Tigris and Euphrates
Irrigation was created in what year 6,000 BCE
Why are rivers where early civilizations start? River makes land nearby fertile with minerals
Hammurabi ruled what empire? in? The Babylon Empire in the 1700s BCE
Hammurabi's code believed in? an eye for an eye
The higher class was punished less
Ancient Egypt begins in 3100 BCE
Ancient Egypt began where The Nile Delta
Ancient Egypt's form of writing Hieroglyphics
Nile flows north ____ miles 4,000
Ancient Egypt social structure is a Pyramid
The Rosetta Stone was found in 1799
Harappa = Ancient India
Ancient India was founded by the Indus River
Ancient India came about in 3,000 BCE
Aryans were European nomads
Aryans migrated to India
Aryans brought the ____ system to India Caste
The Aryans controlled the Natives
The caste system was a rigid social hierarchy
Caste = social classes
In the Caste System Priests and Warriors were called anyans
In the Caste System Workers were called Dravidians
People outside of the caste system were called untouchables
Untouchables were considered sub-human and should not be touched or spoken to
Mesoamerica = Middle(Central) America
Olmec- 1200 BCE - Mexico
Maya- 300-900 CE - Mexico
Aztec- 1100s CE - Mexico
Inca- 1400s CE - Peru
Mesoamerica had no ____ of ____ beast of burden
The silk road was lots of camel caravans from China to India, Africa, and Europe
What was traded on the silk road? silk, spices, and jewelry
The silk road also exchanged culture and religion
The Shang dynasty was China's first dynasty
China's first form of writing oracle bones
Oracle Bones had ____ carved into them questions
The Zhou dynasty introduced The Mandate of Heaven
The Qin dynasty made the _____ to keep out nomads The Great Wall of China
Greece was not one single county in the beginning it was actually many City States
Homer wrote the Iliad and Odyssey
Where was the source of most western civilization Athens
Athens also invented drama
Sparta was all about war
Athens was all about democracy
Sparta was strict men in the military until 60
Athens was a _____ democracy Direct
Athens lost to Sparta in what war The Peloponnesian War
Alexander the Great conquered most on the Mediterranean by the age of 20
Alexander the Great started the ____ Age Hellenistic(Golden)
Philosophers "love of wisdom" and Rational thought
SPAA Socrates Plato Aristotle Alexander the Great
The Romans were ruled by kings, then a Republic
Republic means people pic representatives
Roman social classes were Patricians - Upper Class - land owners Plebeians - Lower Class - poor, peasants
The ___ made laws in Rome Senate
The ____ was the first set of Roman laws 12 Tables
In court Romans were innocent until proven guilty and had the right to defend self in court
Mail was located in West Africa
Mails capital was at Timbuktu
Who doubled the size of Mail Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa went to ___ , as a Muslim Mecca
On Mansa Musa's journey to Mecca he brought tons of what? Gold
Who had the largest land empire ever? The Mongols
What was the Mongols best army called? The Golden Horde
What stopped the Mongols from taking over the world? Ogedei died
____ was grandpa ____ was son ____ was grandson Genghis Kahn Ogedei Kahn Kublai Kahn
The Mongols were the first people to use ____ warfare Biological
Japan started as many small ____ , not one big county tribes
Aristocrats hired military units called ____ for protection Samurai
Japan used the ___ land system Fedual
Motives of the crusades were Muslim invasion of "Christian" territories Knights get penance for kill count or dying on a crusade
Pope Urban II sent knights on holt ____ to reclaim holy lands crusades
Muslims preserved Greek and Roman ___ texts
Crusaders brought back texts such as Plato and Aristotle
Lead to the _____ (culture rebirth) Renaissance
The Renaissance brought what? Science, technology, advancements, mathematics, and banking
The Easterner Orthodox churches bibles were written in which language? Greek
The Plague was transmitted form? middle eastern traders
The Plague killed over ___ of Europe's population 1/2
The plague was brought by ____ on the silk road The Mongols
The Plague led to a loss of ____ faith
The loss in faith led to Decline In the churches power, mass burials, vampire rumors, and medical advancements
Created by: 1415lucasjones