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prehistory to 1500

QuestionAnswer
What does neolithic mean? New Stone
What does paleolithic mean? Old Stone
What is a nick name for australopithecines? Lucy
How many years ago was Homo Sapiens? 120,000
Who was Lucy? The first human-like creature
Homo Erectus left where? Africa
Where did homo sapiens sapiens originate from? Africa
What did Nomadics do? Followed food
What did the nomadic men and women do? The Men Hunted And The Women Gathered
What does DNA prove? We all come from one place.
Where do we all come from. Africa
What Is Neolithic age? The tools people use
Agriculture is? Neolithic Revolution
What age is the most important event of history Neolithic
In a civilization what do you need that is advanced? Cities and Technology
what is race determined by? Climate
Mesopotamia is the birthplace of what? civilization
Between which two rivers can you find Mesopotamia? Between Tigris and Euphrates
Mesopotamia is what? modern day iraq
Irrigation is? moving water
Why are rivers where early civilization start? Rivers make land nearby fertile with minerals
What empire is Most of Mesopotamia? Babylonian
What is are centralized Bureaucracy? Compartments/departments
That code of what is an eye for an eye? Hammurabi
High class equals? less punishment
Ancient Egypt begins when and where? 3100 BCE in Nile delta
What flows North 4,000 into the Mediterranean sea? The Nile
What shape is the social structure? Pyramid
What's Ancient India? Harappa
Who migrated to the Indus River in 3000 BCE and Modern Pakistan? Aryans --- European Nomads
Who controlled the Natives and brought caste system? European Nomads
What is the Caste system? Rigid social hierarchy
Caste is a what? Social level
Who are outside of the Caste system? The Untouchables
Why are the untouchables outside of the caste system? They are considered sub-human and should not be touched or spoken to
Who are at the top of the Caste social scale? The priests then the warriors.
Meso America is? Mexico/ Central America
Olmec is? Old Mexico in1200 BCE
The Maya existed when and where? 300-900 CE in Mexico
The Aztecs existed when and where? 1100s CE in Mexico
The Incas existed when and where? 1400s CE in Peru
When did it start and why? Started later because inhabited later - bad geography
What are silk roads? Trade Routes for India's empires
What is a Camel Caravan? desert ships from China to India, Africa, and Europe
What did the Caravan carry? Luxury items such as Silk Jewelry
Which Chinese dynasty was the first dynasty? Shang
What did the Shang dynasty use to ask questions on that they wanted answered? Oracle Bones
In what Dynasty was the Mandate of Heaven? Zhou
Mandate of heaven means? Can keep ruling if fair
Why was the great wall built? to keep the nomads out
Which Dynasty was around when the great wall was made? Qin
Who were not one governed country? The Greeks
What was the source of Western Culture? Athens
who is about war? Sparta
Who is Strict and has men in the military until 60? Sparta
Sparta is isolated and has what type of government? Oligarchy (two kings) - ruled by few
Athens is all about what? Democracy
What type of government does Athens have? Direct Democracy - all vote
In the Peloponnesian war what was the outcome? Athens lost to Sparta
Who conquered most of the Mediterranean by the age 20? Alexander the great
What empire did alexander the great spread the furthest? the Greek Empire
What did Alexander the great start? Hellenistic Age
What is the Hellenistic Age? spread gold from India to Egypt
What did the philosophers want to explain? wanted to explain nature without saying "the gods did it"
What was Socrates Socratic Method? Suicide instead of trial for corrupting youth
Who were the romans ruled by? Ruled by kings then Republic
Who were the patricians and what does it mean? It means father and they're the upper class land owners
who are the Plebeians? lower class poor peasants
Who made laws? The senate
The first set of Roman laws are? The 12 tables
Who resisted the Romans? The Jews in Israel
Who proclaimed Messiah when Jesus of Nazareth was born Ice-ish? The Jews
What happened after Jesus Death in 33 CE? A branch of Judaism developed into Christianity
Mali was what trade? Gold and Salt
Mansa Musa is? Double size of Mali
Who was the largest land empire ever military unstoppable? The Mongols
What is Mali's Capitol Timbuktu
The Mongols were best with what? Guns and horses
Who is known as the best army and also conquered Russia? The Golden Horde
Why didn't the Mongols take over Europe? Ogedi died so they returned to Mongolia
Why didn't the Mongols take over Japan? There was a huge storm called Kamikaze that stopped them
Who started and spread the Mongolian Empire? Genghis Kahn
Which important Mongol died in Poland? Ogedi Kahn
Which important Mongol took china and called it the Yuan Dynasty? Kublai Kahn
Japanese Beginnings was? small tribes not one big country
What was a Motive of the Crusades? Muslim invasion of Christian territories
Who sent knights on holy crusades to middle east to reclaim the holy lands? Pope Urban II
In the Muslim motives, who got penance for kill count and dying on a crusade Knights
What was transmitted from middle east by traders? Bubonic plague
What did Muslims preserve? Greek and Roma texts
What texts did the crusaders bring back? Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the great
What did the greek and roman texts lead to? Renaissance, science, technological advancements, mathematical advancements. and banking
Difference between Holy Roman Church and eastern orthodox church led to? only orthodox priests could marry
What was the Orthodox bible written in? Greek not Latin
What is Iconoclasm? pope outlawed praying to icons
How many did the plague kill? over half of europes population
Where was the plague brought on? The silk roads
Why was there a loss of faith in church? The plaque was killing many people and Europe thought there was no god
Before 1054 what 2 churches split? Holy Roman Church and Eastern Orthodox
What happened between the Pope and the patriarch of Constantinople? Excommunicated each other, caused a rift, and it still exists