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Prehistory to 1500

4th period

what does Neolithic mean? new stone
what does paleolithic mean? old stone
what does nomatic mean? you have no home
what does australopithecines mean? southern ape
who was the first upright hominids? australopithecines
when were the first upright hominids discovered? 3-4 million years ago
what name do we call the first australopithecine? lucy
how long ago were homo sapiens? 120,000 years ago
how long ago were homo sapiens sapiens? 30,000 BCE
What are homo sapiens sapiens? Modern humans
when did the bearing strait get crossed? 25,000 BCE
where do homo sapiens sapiens originate? africa
where did homo erectus leave? africa
what do nomads do? follow food
what did men do? hunted
what do women do? gathered
DNA proves that we all come from where? africa
Neolithic age is described by? the tools they used
what is the most important movement in history? Neolithic revolution
Neolithic age lasted how long? 8,000-5,000BCE
what all defines a city? food surplus, advanced cities, technology, workers, complex institutions, system of record keeping
where is the birthplace of civilization? mesopotamia
where is Mesopotamia? between tigris and euphrates
what modern country was Mesopotamia? iraq
what is irrigation? movement of water
what does meso mean? middle
what does potamia mean? river
around what do civilizations usually start around? rivers
what does a river do to the land around it? makes it fertile with minerals
who owned most of Mesopotamia? Babylonian empire
what does bureaucracy mean? compartments and departments
what does the code of Hammurabi basically mean? to see an eye for an eye
if youre high class do you receive more or less punishment? less
when did ancient Egypt begin? 3100 BCE
where did ancient Egypt begin at? the nile delta
how did the Egyptians write? hieroglyphics
where did the nile flow? north 4,000 miles
what was a social structure in ancient Egypt? pyramid
where is Harappa? ancient india
what modern day is Harappa? pakistan
what is a caste system? a rigid social level
who are Aryans? European nomads
who created the caste system? the aryans
what is a caste? social level
what are the people outside the caste system called? untouchables
should you speak or touch untouchables? no
what does meso America mean? mexico/central America
what is Olmec considered? old mexico
what was the only pack animal? llama
in what order was the caste system? priest, warriors,workers,untouchables
what was the trade route for indias empire? silk road
what is a desert ship? camel
where did camel caravans take you? from china to india, Africa, and Europe
what are some examples of luxury items that were traded? silk or jewelry
what would also be exchanged while trading? religion and culture
what was the first Chinese dynasty? shang dynasty
which dynasty was the "writers"? shang dynasty
what were questions carved in in the shang dynasty? oracle bones
which dynasty is the mandate of heaven? Zhou dynasty
what does Zhou sound like when pronounced? joe
the qin dynasty was responsible for building what? the great wall
what was the great walls purpose? keep out nomads
were the greeks a one government country? no
what did homer write? odyssey and iliad
what is the Athens a source of? western culture
Sparta was associated with mostly what? war
how long did men from Sparta stay in the military? until age 60
what kind of government was over Sparta? oligarchy
what is an oligarchy? you have two kings
what was the Athens about? democracy
what kind of democracy did the Athens have? direct democracy
what is a direct democracy? everyone votes
what war did the Athens lose to Sparta? Peloponnesian war
who conquered most of Europe? alexander the great
how old was alexander the great when he conquered most of Europe? 20
which empire did he spread? greek
what age did alexander the great start? helenistic age
whats another name for the helenistic age? the golden age
what did most philosophers love? wisdom
how did philosophers want to explain nature? without saying the gods did it
Socrates is known for what method? socratic method
how did Socrates die? committed suicide
what was Socrates? a martyr
what are 4 well known philosophers? Socrates, plato, Aristotle, alexander the great
what is a democracy? everyone votes
what is a republic? people elect representatives
what kind of government did romans first have? ruled by kings
what kind of government did the romans switch to? republic
what kind of class were patricians? upper class
who were patricians? land owners
what kind of class were plebeians? lower class
who are plebeians? poor peasants
what did the senate do? make laws
who was the senate? plebeians
what were the 12 tables? first set of roman laws
who did the jews in Israel resist? romans
where was jesus born? Nazareth
when was jesus born? 1 CE
who claimed the messiah? jesus and a small group of jews
when did jesus die? 33CE
after jesus died what did a branch of Judaism develop into? Christianity
where is Mali? west Africa
what kinda trades would you make in mali? gold and salt
where is malis capital? Timbuktu
what doubled the size of mali? mansa musa
where did mansa musa go? micca
what did mansa musa bring back tons of? gold
what was the largest land empire ever? mongols
was the mongols military good? yes
what two things were the mongols best with? guns and horses
what was the name of the mongols army? the golden horde
who did the golden horde conquer? Russia
what stopped the mongols? kamikaze
what is kamikaze? huge stroms
who started and spread the empire? Genghis kahn
where did ogedi die? Poland
who created the yuan dynasty? Kublai kahn
was the Japanese one big country? no, small tribes
when did yamamoto unite? 600s
what are samurais? military servants
what is the bushido? the samurai code
what does bushido mean? the way of the warrior
was the Japanese agricultural based? yes
what was the Japanese religion? Shinto
what does patr mean? father
what did they call Genghis kahn? the universe ruler
what is Shinto? spirits in all things
what did the muslim invade? Christian territories
what do knights get penace for? kill count or dying on a crusade
why did pope urban ll send nights on holy crusade to middle east? to reclaim the holy lands
whose text did muslims preserve? greek and roman
crusaders brought back whose text? plato, Socrates, and Aristotle
European interactions with muslims lead to what? the renaissance
what is a renaissance? cultural rebirth
what two churches used to be together? holy roman church and the eastern orthodox
when did the holy roman church and the eastern orthodox split? 1054
who could marry in the orthodox? only priest
what language was orthodox bibles in? greek
what was it called when the pope outlawed praying to pictures? iconoclasm
how was the bubonic plague transported? from middle east by traders
how much of europes population did the bubonic plague kill? over 1/2
who was the bubonic plague brought by? mongols on silk road
what is the bubonic plague transmitted by? rodents, fleas, and bacteria
why was there a loss in faith in church? people thought the church could no longer protect them
Created by: 1415makaylaabney