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Prehistory to 1500

Unit 1

What does Neolithic mean? New Stone
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone
What is the nickname for Australopithecines? Lucy
What is Australopithecines? First upright hominids
Where did we first originate? Africa
Spread means? Take over
Nomadic means? Follow food (No home)
When did Paleolithic age take place? 3-4 mil yrs ago
When did Neolithic age take place? 8000-5000 BCE
What is a civilization? 1.) Food surplus 2.) Advanced cites 3.) Advanced technology 4.) Skilled workers 5.) Complex institution- government, religion 6.) System of writing/record keeping
What is Mesopotamia? Birthplace of civilization
Race is determined by what? Climate
When does our calendar start? The day Jesus was born
What did men and women do? Men hunted and women gathered food
Homo sapiens? Modern humans
Where did Mesopotamia take place? Between Tigris and Euphrates
What is irrigation? moving water
We have common history with? Apes
When food and security is taken care of your culture will? Flourish
Native Americans are? People native to one place
Rivers are where? Early civilization starts
Rivers make land nearby? Fertile with minerals
Hammurabi reigned in? 1700s BCE
Babylonian Empire? Most of Mesopotamia
Centralized Bureaucracy? Compartments/ Departments
Ancient Egypt begins in? 3100 BCE in Nile Delta
Writing is known as? Hieroglyphics
The Nile flows? North 4,000 miles
Social structure? Pyramid
Mesopotamia is located? Between rivers
Harappa means? Ancient India
Ancient India is now known as? Modern day Pakistan
European nomads migrated to Ancient India and brought caste system which controlled? Natives
Caste system is? Rigid social hierarchy
Caste is? Social level
The caste system consist of? 1.) Priest 2.) Warriors 3.) Workers
Outside the caste system is? Untouchables
Meso America is? Mexico/ Central America
Olmec? 1200 BCE- Mexico
Maya? 300-900 CE -Mexico
Aztec? 1100s CE - Mexico
Inca? 1400s CE - Peru
Silk roads are? Trade routes for India's empire
Camel Caravans road from? China to India, Africa, and Europe
Luxury items were? Silk, Spices, And Jewelry
Shang Dynasty was the? 1st Dynasty and invented writing
Zhou Dynasty? Mandate of Heaven
Qin Dynasty? Great Wall- kept out nomads
Homer wrote? Odyssey and lliad
Athens? Source of western culture All about democracy, all vote Unified Greece Lost to Sparta, Peloponnesian war
Sparta? All about war Strict, men in military until 60 Isolated, oligarchy (two kings)
Alexander the Great? Conquered most of Mediterranean by age 20
Spread Greek empire furthest from? India to Egypt
Alexander started Hellenistic? Golden age
how many Chinese dynasties? 13
How many silk roads? Many
Philosophers? 'Love of wisdom' rational thought
Philosophers wanted to explain nature without saying? "The gods did it"
Socrates Method? Suicide instead of trial for corrupting youth
Who were some Philosophers? Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the great
The Romans were ruled by? Kings then Republic
Patricians? Upper class- Land owners
Plebeians? Lower class- Poor, Peasants
Senate? Made laws
First set of Roman laws? Innocent until proven guilty Right to depend self in court
Jews in Israel resisted? Romans
Jesus of Nazareth born? 1 CEish, small group of Jews proclaim Messiah
After Jesus death in 33 CE? Branch of Judaism developed into Christianity
Mali is located in? West Africa
Mali is the capital at? Timbuktu
The Mongols had? Largest land empire ever
Mongols military was unstoppable and best with? Guns and horses
Golden Horde (best army) conquered? Russia
Genghis Kahn (grandpa)? Started and spread empire
Ogedi Kahn (son)? Died and Poland
Kublai Kahn (grandson)? Took china called it yuan dynasty
In Japanese beginnings they had? Small tribes, not one big country
In 600s yamamoto? Unites, divides ruler
In 800s Japan? Civil war
Agricultural was based off? Rice
Japan used which type of land system/ Feudal
Japans religion was? Shinto
Motives for the crusades 1? Muslim invasion of Christian territories
Motives for the crusades 2? Knights get penance for kill count or dying on crusades
Pope Urban 2 sent knights on holy crusades to Middle east to? Reclaim the holy lands
Muslims preserved what text? Greek and Roman
Crusades brought text such as? Plato
Crusades bringing text lead to? Renaissance (culture of birth)
Great Schism stands for? The split
Only which priest could marry? Orthedox
Orthedox bibles were written in Greek not? Latin
Pope outlawed praying icons (pictures)? Iconoclasm
Pope and Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other, caused? rift, exist today
Another name for black plague? Bubonic plague
Black plague Transmitted from? Middle east by traders
Black plague killed? 1/2 of Europe's population
Black plague was brought by? Mongols on the silk road
Black plague was transmitted by? Rodents, fleas, bacteria, and human to human
Loss of faith in church to protect people? Decline in church power Mass burials Vampire rumors Medical advancements
What differences in the two churches (Roman church and eastern orthdodox) led them to spilt? Only orthodox persist could marry, bible was written in Latin
Created by: 1415katiehensley