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prehistory to 1500

flash cards

what does Neolithic mean? new stone
what does paleolithic mean? old stone
what where australopithicines? first upright hominids
who was lucy? first humanlike creature
when were the australopithicines (how long ago)? 3-4 million years ago
when were the homo sapiens around? 120,000
when were the homo sapiens sapiens around? 30,000 BCE modern humans
what did the homo sapiens sapiens cross? bearing strait
when did the homo sapiens sapiens cross the bearing strait? 25,000 BCE
what left Africa? homo erectus
what were homo erectus? isolated; separate species from ex-Neanderthals
where did homo sapiens sapiens originate? Africa
they were nomadic which means? no home/followed food
while the men hunted what did the women do? gathered supplies
in what age did people start to use tools? Neolithic(new stone)
how long did the Neolithic age last? 8,000-5,000 BCE
what was the "Neolithic revolution"? agriculture
what was considered the birthplace of civilization? Mesopotamia
between what two rivers was the Mesopotamia located? tigris and euphrates
in about what year did irrigation (moving water) start to occur in the Mesopotamia? 6,000 BCE
why are rivers where early civilizations start? river makes land nearby fertile with minerals
who was the king of Babylon? Hammurabi
when did Hammurabi reign? 1700s BCE
what did the code of Hammurabi mean? it meant what you do to someone else they will do to you "eye for an eye"
when did ancient Egypt begin? 3100 BCE
where did ancient Egypt begin? the Nile delta
what type of writing was used in ancient Egypt? hieroglyphics
where does the Nile river flow? north
how far does the Nile river flow? 4,000 miles
what was the social structure of ancient Egypt? a pyramid with the pharaoh on top and soldiers, farmers and tomb builders
what was the Rosetta stone? it has the same text in three different translations which in turn was used to read hieroglyphics
what was Harappa? ancient India
what river is associated with Harappa? Indus river
what is Harappa now in modern times? modern day Pakistan
who were the Aryans? European nomads that controlled natives
what was the caste system? hierarchy ranking system based on skin color to determine your place in the social community
what tribe of meso America was in 1200 BCE-old Mexico? the Olmec
what tribe was in meso America in 300-900 CE-Mexico? the Maya
what tribe was in meso America in 1100s CE-Mexico? the Aztec
what tribe was in meso America in 1400s CE-Peru? the Inca
what were the silk roads? trade routes for India's empires
what was traded along the silk road? luxury items like silk jewelry etc.
what was the first chineese dynasty and something about them? the Shang dynasty the oracle bones
what was the second Chinese dynasty and something about them? the Zhou dynasty(pronounced Joe) mandate of heaven
what was the third Chinese dynasty and something about them? the Qin dynasty (pronounced chin) they built the great wall of china
what are the Chinese dynasties in order? Shang,Zhou,Qin,Han,Sui,Tang,Song,Yuan,Ming,Ching, Republic, Mao Zedong and De
who wrote the odyssey and lliad? homer
what city was the source of western culture in ancient Greece? the city of Athens
what was Sparta known for? war it was also an oligarchy (ruled by two kings)
what was Athens known for? democracy lost to Sparta in the Peloponnesian war
what was alexander the great most known for? he conquered most of the Mediterranean by age 20 and unifies Greece
what did alexander the great spread? Greek empire
what did alexander the great start? Hellenistic(golden age) from India to Egypt
what was a philosopher? they had a love of wisdom
what did the philosophers think about the gods? they thought it didn't make sense they believed in a more rational explanation than anything about the gods
what was Socrates considered? a martyr
who was Socrates most famous student? Plato
who did Plato teach? Aristotle
who did Aristotle teach? alexander the great
what were the romans ruled by? kings then republic
what were patricians? upper class - land owners
what were plebeians? lower class - poor peasants
what were the first set of roman laws? 12 tables innocent until proven guilty
when was Jesus of Nazareth born? 1CEish
after Jesus's death in 33 CE what branched of from Judaism and was formed? Christianity
what is the capital of Mali? Timbuktu
who found Mali? mansa musa
where did mansa musa go as a Muslim? mecca
what did mansa musa bring tons of with him on his way to mecca? gold
what was the largest land empire ever? the Mongols
what were the Mongols best with? guns and horses
what army conquered Russia? the golden horde
why didn't they take over Europe? because ogedie khan got hit In the throat with an arrow so they went back home to choose a new khan
why didn't they take over japan? huge storms (kamikaze) divine winds stop Mongols
which khan started and spread the empire? gengis khan
which khan took an arrow to the throat in Poland? ogedei khan
which khan took china and called it Yuan dynasty? Kublai khan
what is bushido? samurai code way of the warrior
what was japans religion at the time? Shinto
what was one of the motives for the crusades? Muslim invasion of "Christian" territories
who sent knights on holy crusade to middle east to reclaim Christian territories? pope urban II
what did Muslims preserve? Greek and roman texts
crusaders brought back texts such as? Aristotle, Plato
these lead to? renaissance
before 1054 holy roman church and eastern orthodox church together led to? split
what was iconoclasm? praying to icons pictures
what did the pope and patriarch of constanople do? excommunicated each other
how was the black plague transmitted? middle east by traders
the black plague killed how much of Europe's population? 1/2
the black death was brought by who? the Mongols on the silk roads
what was one method that the plague was spread? rodents
what was a 2nd way that the plague was spread? fleas
what was a 3rd way that the plague was spread? bacteria
what was a 4th way that the plague was spread? human to human
the plague lead to what? loss in faith in the church to protect people
what was something else caused by the black death? decline in church power
what was an effect of the black death? mass burials
what rumors were caused by the black death? vampire rumors
what was an advancement due to the black death? medical advancements
Created by: 1415seanjohnson