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Prehistory to 1500

what does Neolithic mean? New Stone
What does Paleolithic mean? Old stone
what does Australopithecines actually mean? southern apes
what is the nickname of Australopithecines? lucy
When was "lucy" discovered? 3-4 million years ago
what is the time of Homo sapiens? 120,000 years ago
what are Homo Sapiens sapiens? modern humans
where did Homo sapiens sapiens originate? Africa
when was the Neolithic Age? 8,000-5,000 BCE
what is civilization? 1. food surplus, 2. advanced cities, 3. advanced technology, 4. skilled workers, 5. complex institution- government, religion, 6. systems of writing/ record keeping
where is the "birthplace of civilization"? Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia is between what two rivers? Tigrus and Euphrates
race is determined by what? climate
what is the results of the Neolithic Age? cities, religion, metal tools, etc.
DNA proves we all come from one place, where? Africa
How are we all Native Americans? how are we all African Americans? our ancestors are traced back to one place (Africa)
Mesopotamia is known as? Modern day Iraq
When where homo sapiens sapiens discovered? 30,000 BCE
Homo erectus left where? Africa
while men hunted, women did what? gathered
Nomadic followed? food
River makes land nearby ______ with ______? fertile with minerals
Hammurabi was the king of? Babylonian
Babylonian empire is most of? Mesopotamia
A centralized _______? Bureaucracy
The code of? Hammurabi
eye for _____? eye
high class = what? less punishment
Ancient Egypt begins what time and where? 3100 BCE in Nile delta.
Egyptians are famous for this type of writing? Hieroglyphics
The Nile flows which direction? North
social structure = what? Pyramid
Harappa, also know as? Ancient India
what was river founded in India in 3000 BCE Indus river
Aryans are? Europeans nomads
European nomads did these three things? migrated there, brought caste system, and controlled natives
What is the caste system? Rigid social hierarchy (ranking system)
What are the three rankings of the caste system? 1. priests, 2. Warriors, 3. workers
People who are outside the caste system are? untouchables
Mesoamerica which means? Mexico and Central America
Olmec was founded when? 1200 BCE - Mexico
Maya was founded when and where? 300-900 CE - Mexico
when where the Aztecs founded and where? 1100s CE - Mexico
When was South America/ Inca founded? 1400s CE - Peru
What were silk roads? Trade routes for India's empires
Camel ______ - from China to India, Africa, and Europe Caravans
Luxury items like ________? silk and jewelry
Exchange of religion and what? culture
What was the first Chinese dynasty? Shang dynasty
Oracle _____ - question carved Bones
Mandate of heaven is referring to which Chinese dynasty? Zhou
What is the third Chinese dynasty? Qin
In the Qin dynasty, the great wall keep who out? Nomads
Homer wrote Odyssey and ______? Iliad
Sparta is all about what? War
who is all about democracy Athens
Alexander the great conquered most of what by the age of 20? The Mediterranean
Started Hellenistic ( ) age Gold age
who were the four main philosophers? Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Alexander the Great
Which philosopher questioned everything? Socrates
"Love of wisdom," _______ thought Rational
Wanted to explain nature without saying "the ______ did it" Goods
Athen = course of western ______? culture
The Romans were ruled by kings and then what? Republic
What would you call the upper class- land owners? Patricians (father)
What were the lower class- poor peasants called Plebians
12 tables- first set of Roman _______? Laws
Jews in Israel resisted who? Romans
When was Jesus born? 1 CE ish
A branch of Judaism developed into Christianity after the death of who in 33 CE? Jesus
Where is Mali located? West Africa
What is the capital of Mali? Timbuktu
Who went to Mecca as a muslim? Mansa Musa
Brought tons of what? Gold
What was the largest land empire ever? The Mongol empire
What was the name of the Mongol army that conquered Russia? Golden Horde
Why didn't the Mongols take over Europe? Ogdei died
Why didn't the Mongols take over Japan? Huge storm (kamikaze) divine winds stop Mongols
Who started and spread the Mongol empire? Genghis Kahn (granpa)
Whos is Genghis Kahns son? Ogedi Kahn
Who took over China and called it the Yuan dynasty? Kublai Khan
Japan began as? Small tribes
Who was the divine ruler of Japan during 600s Yamamoto
When did the Japanese civil war take place? 800s
Who were the Samurai? Military servants hired by Aristocrats
What is the samuari code called? Bushido
What was the main religion of early Japan? Shinto
What were the two motives for the crusades? Muslim invasions of "Christian" territories and Knights get penance for kill count on a crusade.
Why did Pope Urban II send knights on holy crusade to the middle east? Reclaim the holy lands.
Greek and Roman texts were preserved by who? Muslims
Crusaders brought back text from what people? Aristotle and Plato
Finding these texts leading to the? Renaissance
What does Schism mean? Split
What other church was there besides the Holy Roman Catholic church? Eastern Orthodox
What is Iconoclasm? Pope outlawed praying to icons.
What was the plague called that was transmitted from the middle east? Bubonic
The plague killed how many Europeans? 1/2
Mongols brought this on the? Silk road
The plague is transmitted by? Rodents, Fleas, bacteria, human to human
Causing a loss in _____? Faith
The Orthodox Bible was in greek, not? Latin
Created by: 1415daltonrowe