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Prehistory to 1500

PHAT stacks$$$

What does Neolithic mean? New stone
What does paleolithic mean? Old stone
What does australopithecines mean? Southern ape
What are modern humans considered? Homo sapiens sapiens
What is the name also given to australopithecines? Lucy
What is the most important event in history? Agriculture(Neolithic Revolution)
When your(1)_____ and (2)______ is taken care of, your culture will flourish. (1)Food (2)Security
When did homo sapiens sapiens cross the Bering straight? 25,000 BCE
Where was "Lucy" discovered? Africa
What did nomads do? Followed their food source
Mesopotamia is know as? Birthplace of civilization
Where is Mesopotamia found? The land between the Tigris and Euphrates
Mesopotamia is in what modern day country? Iraq
Men(1)_____ and women(2)______. (1) Hunted (2) Gathered
Food surplus, advanced cities, advanced technology, skilled workers, complex institutions(government, religion) and a system of writing are all part of what? Civilization
What were australopithecines? First upright hominids
When were homo sapiens around? 120,000 BCE
When did the Neolithic revolution take place? 5,000 BCE
When were australopithecines around? 3-4 billion years ago
Why was the Neolithic revolution so important? It was the first time that people had time to think and allowed their culture to grow
Homo Erectus left where? Africa
Earliest civilizations start where? Near or on rivers
Why do civilizations start near or on rivers? The rivers make the land nearby fertile with minerals
What was the code of Hammurabi? An eye for an eye
What is a beast of burden? animal/s that help makes thing easier
When does Egypt rise? 3,100 BCE
Where does Egypt begin to rise? The Nile delta
What are the writings in Ancient Egypt called? hieroglyphics
Why is the Rosetta stone important? It help translate Egyptian hieroglyphs
Who were at the top 3 classes of Egyptian social pyramid? The pharaoh, his advisers(viziers), and Priests
What was the caste system? A rigid social hierarchy
What were the parts of caste system? Priest, warriors, and the common workers
What group was on the outside of the caste system? The untouchables
What were the untouchables considered? Sub-human, shouldn't be spoken to unless you are an untouchable as well
What Meso American civilization were around during 1,200 BCE? The Olmec(Mexico)
The Meso American civilization during 300-900 CE? The Maya(Mexico)
Meso American civilization around 1100's CE? Aztecs(Mexico)
The Meso American civilization from Peru around 1400's? Inca
Why did they get settled later? They didn't have any beasts of burden to help them get established.
What is Harappa? Another name for ancient India
Where was Harappa? Next to the Indus River
Where is Harappa in modern day? Pakistan
What was the silk road? Trade routes for India's empire
Camel caravans went from where to where? China to India, Africa, and Europe
What was traded on the Silk road? Luxury items
What were some of the luxury items traded? Silk, spices, salt, and cloth
What was the Shang dynasty known for? Oracle bones
What was the Zhoe dynasty know for? Started the mandate of heaven
What is the Qin dynasty for? Great wall
What was the Great wall used to do? To keep out nomads
What did ancient Greece consist of? City states
What did Homer write? The Odyssey and Iliad
Athens is know as what? Source of western culture
What is the west? Europe and The US
What is one big thing from Greece we use today? Drama
The Peloponnesian war was between who? Athens and Sparta
Who won the Peloponnesian war? Sparta
The Spartans were all about what? War
Men from Sparta had to stay in Military till they are what age? 60
What type of government did Sparta have? Oligarchy
What was Athens all about? Democracy
What kind of Democracy did Athens have? Direct democracy
How does a direct democracy work? Everyone votes on what happens
Athens did what to Greece? Unified Greece
Alexander the Great was? A man who controlled most of the Mediterranean by the age of 20
What did Alexander the Great do? He started the Golden age
Philosophers want to do what? Explain the world without saying that god did it
What does SPAA stand for? Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great
What was the Roman government They had a King, later Republic
Patricians were? Upper class people in Rome, owned land
Plebeians were? Lower class, peasants, poor people
What part of Roman government do we us in American government? The senate
What were the 12 tables? First set of Roman laws
Where is Mali located? West Africa
What is its capital? Timbuktu
Who was the man who doubled the size of Mali? Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa went to where as a Muslim? Mecca
What did Mansa Musa literally bring tons of to Mecca? Gold
What are the Mongols known for? Having the largest land empire to this day
Why were the Mongol military forces unstoppable? They were good with horses and guns
What was the Mongol armies know as? The Golden Horde
What stopped the Mongols from taking over the rest of Europe? Ogedi died in battle
What stopped the Mongols from taking over Japan? Kamikaze(Divine winds)
What is Genghis Kahn known for? Starting the spread of Mongolian empire
What is Ogedi Kahn known for? Dying in Poland
What is Kublia Kahn known for? Took over China called the Yuan dynasty
Japanese people lived in what? Small tribes
What happened in Japan in the 600's? Yamamuta unites Japan
Yamamuta was what? Divine ruler who united Japan
What happened during the 800's in Japan? Civil War
What did Aristocrats hire for protection? Samurais
What code did Samurais follow? Bushido, always have honor
What were the Crusades? Wars against the Christians and the Muslims
What did knights get for killing Muslims? They got penance for every kill
What texts did the Muslims preserve? Ancient Greek and Roman works
What kinds of works did the Crusaders take back from the Muslims? Works from Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
What was the Great Schism? Split between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Holy Roman church
What was the bubonic plague know as? Black Plague
Black Plague killed how many people? Half the population
Who brought the Black Plague? The Mongols on the Silk road
How was the Black Plague transmitted? By fleas that lived on rats