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Prehistory to 1500

Unit 1

What does Neolithic mean? New Stone
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone
What is the nickname for Austrapithecines? Lucy
What is Austrapaithecines? First upright hominds
How long ago was Lucy around? 3-4 million years ago
Where did we first originate? Africa
What does spread mean? Take over
What does Nomadic mean? Follow food (no home)
Homo Sapiens? 120,000 years ago
Homo Sapiens? Modern Humans
What did men and women do? Men hunted and women gathered
What is a civilization? Food surplus Advanced cities Advanced technology Skilled workers Complex institutions-government, religion System of writing/record keeping
How many things make up a civilization 6
Where was Mesopotamia? Between Tigris and Euphrates
What is Mesopotamia known as? Birthplace of civilization
What is irrigation? Moving water
Where is modern day Mesopotamia? Iraq
When did irrigation start? 6,000 BCE
What are native Americans? people native to on place
Cross bearing strait? 25,000BCE
Why are rivers where early civilization start? Rivers makes land nearby fertile with minerals
Who was Hammurabi? King od Babylon
When did Hammurabi resign? 1700s BCE
What was most of Mesopotamia? Babylon empire
What did Hammurabi make? The first set of laws
What was Hammurabi's law? An eye for an eye
What was Hammurabi's law called? The code of Hammurabi
Ancient Egypt begins? 3100 BCE in the Nile Delta
Ancient Egypt's writing was? Hieroglyphics
Ancient Egypt's social structure? Pyramid
What was the Rosetta stone used for? Translate hieroglyphics
What was Harappa? Ancient India
Where is modern day Ancient India? Pakistan
Where was the cast system used? India
What is a hierarchy? Rank system
Caste= Social level
Social Pyramid? Priests Warriors Workers
Who is outside the caste system? Untouchable
What makes you an untouchable? You did something really bad in your past life
Meso America? Mexico and Central America
Olmee? 1200 BCE / old Mexico
Maya? 300-900 CE Mexico
Aztec? 1100s CE Mexico
Inca? 1400s CE Peru
Why did America start later? Inhabited later and bad geography
Silk Roads? Trade routes for India's
What are camel caravans? Groups of camels used to transport items
The silk roads were used for? Luxury items like jewels and silk
What did the silk roads allow? Exchange in culture and religion
How many Chinese dynasties are there? 13
What was the first Chinese dynasty? Shang
Shang dynasty? Oracle bones
Zhou dynasty? Mandate of heaven
Qin dynasty? Great wall (kept out the nomads)
What is Sparta all about? War
What do men do in Sparta? Strict, men in military until 60
Sparta? Isolated, ruled by two kings
Athens? All about democracy
Alexander the Great? Conquered most of Mediterranean by age 20
Spread Greek empire furthest from? India to Egypt
Alexander started Hellenistic? Golden age
How many silk roads? Many
Philosophers? 'Love of wisdom' rational thought
Philosophers wanted to explain nature without saying? the gods did it
Socrates Method? Suicide instead of trial for corrupting youth
Who were some Philosophers? Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the great
The Romans were ruled by? Kings then Republic
Patricians? Upper class- Land owners
Plebeians? Lower class- Poor, Peasants
Senate? Made laws
First set of Roman laws? Innocent until proven guilty Right to depend self in court
Jews in Israel resisted? Romans
Jesus of Nazareth born? 1 CEish, small group of Jews proclaim Messiah
After Jesus death in 33 CE? Branch of Judaism developed into Christianity
Mali is located in? West Africa
Mali is the capital at? Timbuktu
The Mongols had? Largest land empire ever
Mongols military was unstoppable and best with? Guns and horses
Golden Horde (best army) conquered? Russia
Genghis Kahn (grandpa)? Started and spread empire
Ogedi Kahn (son)? Died and Poland
Kublai Kahn (grandson)? Took china called it yuan dynasty
In Japanese beginnings they had? Small tribes, not one big country
In 600s yamamoto? Unites, divides ruler
In 800s Japan? Civil war
Agricultural was based off? Rice
Japan used which type of land system/ Feudal
Japans religion was? Shinto
Motives for the crusades 1? Muslim invasion of Christian territories
Motives for the crusades 2? Knights get penance for kill count or dying on crusades
Pope Urban 2 sent knights on holy crusades to Middle east to? Reclaim the holy lands
Muslims preserved what text? Greek and Roman
Crusades brought text such as? Plato
Crusades bringing text lead to? Renaissance (culture of birth)
Great Schism stands for? The split
Only which priest could marry? Orthedox
Orthedox bibles were written in Greek not? Latin
Pope outlawed praying icons (pictures)? Iconoclasm
Pope and Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other, caused? rift, exist today
Another name for black plague? Bubonic plague
Black plague Transmitted from? Middle east by traders
Black plague killed? 1/2 of Europe's population
Black plague was brought by? Mongols on the silk road
Black plague was transmitted by? Rodents, fleas, bacteria, and human to human
Loss of faith in church to protect people? Decline in church power Mass burials Vampire rumors Medical advancements
What differences in the two churches (Roman church and eastern orthdodox) led them to spilt? Only orthodox persist could marry, bible was written in Latin
Created by: 1415lannaprewitt