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Chapter 4

ICD-9-CM Coding Chapters 1-9 Glossary

Acute Exacerbation Worsening or a decompensation of a chronic condition
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) A chronic, potentially life - threatening disease that is caused by HIV. The patient's immune system is compromised, which makes him or her highly susceptible to disease and infections
Anemia Decrease in the number of Red Blood Cells
Atherosclerosis Hardening of the arteries caused by fats in the blood
Benign Hypertension Continuous, mild blood pressure elevation
Benign neoplasm A non-malignant neoplasm
Carcinoma In Situ A localized cancer that has not spread to adjacent structures
Cataracts Flaws or clouds that develop in the crystalline lens
Cerebrovascular Accident The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen, when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain
Cholelithiasis Gallstones
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder
Congestive Heart Failure The heart is unable to pump away the blood returning to it fast enough, which causes congestion in the veins
Conjunctivitis Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent layer that lines the part of the eye and eyelid
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Blockage of the coronary arteries
Dementia A group of symptoms that effect memory and cognitive functions such as judgment and communication
Epigastric Hernia A protrusion of internal organ through the epigastrium above the umbilicus
Epilepsy Causes disturbance in the electrical activity of the brain
Glaucoma A hypertensive condition of the eye caused by too much pressure from fluid
Goiter Enlargement of the thyroid gland
Hernia Organ or tissue protruding through the walls or cavity that usually contains it
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) A virus that attacks the immune system
Incisional Hernia Protrusion of internal organs near an incompletely closed surgical incision site
Inguinal Hernia Protrusion of internal organs in the groin
Intractable (as in migraine) Severe migraine that does note respond to therapeutic treatment
Leukemia Cancer of blood and the marrow
Lipoma Benign tumor made up of fat cells
Lymphoma Cancer of the lymphatic system
Malignant Hypertension Accelerated, severe form of hypertension that usually causes permanent organ damage
Malignant Neoplasm Cancerous tumor that tends to grow, invade, and metastasize
Manifestation Condition or symptom that develops as a result of an underlying condition or cause
Melanoma Skin cancer that originates in cells called melanocytes, which produce pigment in the skin
Meningitis Infection or inflammation of the membranes that surround the head and spinal cord
Metastases Spread of cancer from one body area/organ to another
Myocardial Infarction Death of tissue in the myocardium
Neoplastic Disease Condition related to a tumor or growth
Neuropathy Abnormal condition characterized by inflammation or degeneration of peripheral nerves
NSTEMI Not ST elevation myocardial infarction; blood clot partly occludes the artery, and only a portion of the heart muscle being supplied by the affected artery dies
Otitis Media Middle ear infection
Parkinson's Disease Slowly progressive, degenerative neurologic disease
Pleural Effusion Abnormal fluid accumulation in the pleural space
Sepsis A whole body inflammatory state
Status Asthmatics Asthma that is not responding to treatment
STEMI ST elevation myocardial infarction; coronary artery completely blocked, and nearly all the heart muscle being supplied by the affected artery starts to die
Thyrotoxicosis Morbid condition due to over activity of the thyroid gland
Umbilical Hernia Protrusion of internal organs through the abdominal wall around the umbilicus
Urosepsis Bacteremia resulting from urinary tract infection
Ventral Hernia (Incisional Hernia) Protrusion of internal organs near an incompletely closed surgical site
Created by: BBracha