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Ch.3-5 A/P/MT

Exam 2 Questions for Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminolog- Ch. 3-5

The parts of the Integumentary System -Sweat Glands -Sebaceous glands -Hair -Skin -Nails
Three layers of skin -Dermis -Epidermis -Subcutaneous
Blood vessels are located in which layer of skin? Dermis layer
Medical Term for sweat gland Apocrine Gland
Medical term for a black and blue mark Ecchymosis
Symptoms of a 1st degree burn -Redness -Swelling
Symptoms of a 2nd degree burn -Blisters -Edema
Symptoms of a 3rd degree burn -Epidermis and dermis are completely gone -No pain
What is sebum? -Oil
Sebum is produced in which gland? Sebaceous glands
What is lordosis? Over curvuture of the lumbar region of the spine
What is kyphosis? Over curvuture of the thoracic region of the spine, aka humpback
What is scoliosis Lateral curvuture of the spine
Main parts of the axial skeleton -Head -Trunk
Main parts of the appendicular skeleton The extremities
What is a closed facture? A bone fracture which doesn't break through skin
What is a compound fracture? A bone fracture which is broken through the skin
What is a complete fracture? A clean break of a bone
What is a comminuted fracture? A shattered or splintered bone
What is a Greenstick fracture? An incomplete break, most common in children
How many cervical vertebrae are there? 7
How many thoracic vertebrae are there? 12
How many lumbarl vertebrae are there? 5
Most common type of joint in the body Synovial joint
Term for irregular heartbeat Arrhythmia
Arteries have a thick walls and they carry blood.... away from heart
Veins carry blood... to the heart
Another name for bicuspid valve Mitral Valve
A record of the electrical current of the heart is an... Electrocardiogram
What is a treadmill test? To evauate cardio fitness
Another name for treadmill test Stress test
The pulmonary vein supplies or feeds into which heart chamber? Left atrium
Which artery supplies blood to the myocardium? Coronary artery
What is systemic circulation?
What is pulmonary circulation?
Another name for the Sinoatrial (SA) node Pacemaker
What is the purpose of the SA node? Regulates the beat of the heart
Which node regulates the beat of the heart? Sinoatrial node, SA node
Oxygen exchange happens in what type of vessel? Capillaries
What is occuring in the capillary bed? Oxygen exchange
Term for "loss of hair" Alopecia
Term for "wall weakness of artery" Aneurysm
Anhidrosis No sweat
Arthralgia Joint pain
arthr/o Joint
Term for "inflammation of joint" Arthritis
Term for "fusion of a joint" Arthrodesis
Arthroscopy Examination of interior of joint
What is the medical term when a doctor or nurse is listening to sounds within the body by using a stethoscope? Ausculation
When a peice of tissue is removed from the body using an instrument to be examined under a microscope is called? Biopsy
Medical abbreviation for Biopsy Bx
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat
Cardiomegaly Enlarged heart
Medical term for "disease of myocardium" Cardiomyopathy
cost/o Rib
Medical term for "bluish tint of the skin" Cyanosis
Medical term for "instrument for cutting skin" Dermatome
derm/o Skin
Suffix for "pain" -dynia
Erythema Redness
Erthroderma Red skin
Fibrillation Quivering heart fibers
Fibromyalgia Pain in muscles and soft tissues
HTN Hypertension
Jaundice Yellow skin
Keloid Raised and thickened red scar
Melanin Black Pigament
Medical term for heart attack Myocardial Infraction (MI)
Medical term for "dead tissue" Necrosis
Onych/o Nail
Orth/o Straight
Orthopedist A doctor who straightens bones
Pericardium The sac around heart filled with fluid
Physiatrist A doctor who does physical therapy
Pil/o Hair
Podiatrist A foot doctor
Pulse An expansion and contraction of rtery wall
Rickets Definicency in calcium and vitamin D
-rrhaphy suture
Stenosis Narrowing
Tachycardia fast heartbeat
Venipuncture Blood draw
Created by: DougieFresh54