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consumer services businesses that provides services primarily for indivuidual consumers, inluding retail services, and personal services.
retail services services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
personal services services that provide for the well-being nd personal improvement of individual consumers.
business services services that pirmarily meet the needs of other businesses.
producer services services that primarily help people conduct business.
transportation and information services services that diffuse and distribute services.
public services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for cititzens and businesses.
clustered rural settlement a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
dispersed rural settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
inclosure movement the process of consolodating small land-holdings into a smaller number of larger fams in England during the 18th century.
market area/hinterland the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the places, goods, and services.
central place a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
range the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
central place theory explains the distribution of services b/c settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer & farther apart than smaller settlements & provide services for a larger # of people who are willing to travel farther.
threshold the minimum # of people needed to supprto a sevice.
gravity model a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a aprticular location is directly related to the # of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
rank-size rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the 'n'th largest settlement is 1/n the population of he largest settlement.
primate city rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that thge larger settlement has more tha twice as many people as the 2nd ranknig settlement.
primate city the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the 2nd-ranking settlement.
city-state independant self-governing communities that included the settlement and nearby countryside.
basic industries industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
nonbasic industries industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
economic base a community's collection of basic industries.
central business district (CBD) "the downtown area"; the area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
service any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
settlement a permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Created by: 017210
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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