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modern world history

TermDefinition
causes of imperislism -raw materials -manufactured goods -white mans burden
athens birthplace of democracy
democracy government by the people, the power is theirs
pericles direct democracy
aristotle- word of law the idea that the laws are in charge not one specific person
judeo- christian tradition morality, justice
monotheism belief in one god
magna carta king is not above the law
roman law the idea that posting the laws publicly is fair
absolute monarch only one person has all power
limited monarchy where the people have most of the power but the king has little
habeas corpus the right to have a fair trial & informed on why you are punished or if you are in the first place
english bill of rights a document that gave all the citizens rights that the king couldn't ignore
natural law a principle or body of laws considered as derived from nature, right reason, or religion and as ethically binding in human society.
enlightenment a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition
john Locke natural rights believer (life liberty property)
social contract that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual (rousseau)
natural rights life, liberty, and property
Montesquieu seperation of powers & checks and balances, wrote "spirit of the laws"
voltaire freedom of speech activist
Mary Wollstonecraft gender equality activist, first feminist
rousseau general will
popular sovereignty giving people the power
ancient regime 1st class: clergy 2nd class: nobles 3rd class: bourgeoisie and peasants
influence of american revolution on france France thought that they could overthrow their gov just like USA bourgeoisie
estates general - reps for all 3 estates came - came to solve for debt - 3rd class didnt get a vote v unfair
bourgeoisie middle class, in the third estate
stroming of the bastille was a symbol of the abuses of the monarchy: its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution
tennis court oath the moment the majority of the population of France began to take control of the country.
declaration of rights of man declaration of rights of man important because it helped to bring about the idea that all people everywhere have a basic set of rights by virtue of the fact that they are human.
Napoleons Rise to Power Rise to Power- rose in army Reforms emigres back to france napoleonic code built schools
Robespierre and the reign of terror chopping off the heads of anyone who supported the monarchy
continental system economic system under Napoleon
Napoleonic Code system of laws established for France by Napoleon
Scorched-earth policy Russians ruined everything so french would have nothing once arriving
congress of vienna meeting of all euro powers to solve how they’re gonna keep the peace and to figure out how they're gonna get powers back on the throne
legitimacy putting the original monarchs in power
Simon Bolivar wanted to make Venezuela free from spain
Agricultural Revolution more food and increased population growth
Toussaint L’ Overture Haitian slave leader who wanted to overthrow french power of Haitian colonies
Industrial Revolution the shift from a farming and craft trade economy to an economy based on factory production.
Enclosure the process of taking over and sonsolidation land formerly shared by peasant farmers and rich landownersthe process of taking over and sonsolidation land formerly shared by peasant farmers and rich landowners
Cottage Industry Production/ processing done at your home Began in the 17th century but ended in the mid 18th century Allowed for women and children (even some men) to work year round rather than just the farming season
Reasons Why Britain was the first to industrialize- they had coal and iron + rivers natural harbors, agricultural rev, large workforce, extra $$, political stability, educated people
textile industry primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution
steam engine -created by james watt -steam power
Urbanization Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Socialism all people shared the government
karl marx invented communism
Labor unions- necessary bc it went against the buisiness owners
Communism A governmental system where all are equal, all property is state owned
Laissez-Faire capitalism (Adam smith) The gov should stay out of the economy. Invisible hand (supply and demand) should be in control of the economy
assembly line efficient work production in which people are in a line and they all have separate jobs to create a product
Capitalism full blown market economy in which people compete for resources Some people creating wealth on backs of others
germ theory the idea that disease is spread thru the nastiness of the slums & the un-sanitation
Social darwnism survival of the fittest
realism art of people doing day to day things
Romanticism art of humans and nature, all creatures have divine presence
impressionism colorful
Anarchist People who want to abolish all govt
-Bismark’s “blood & iron” strategy to consolidate german kingdoms into “Germany” (unite via war)- germany united all of the small kingdoms around them into a bigger germany empire
White Man’s Burden - the idea that white men had the job to modernize un-modernized countries
Henry Stanley- The explorer who found Mr. Livingston, wrote about how Africa was unproductive and useless
Berlin Conference- meeting of European powers to decide how they were gonna share Africa
Ethiopia (who did they resist?)- able to modernize and remained independent from Italy
Benefits of British Rule- people in British colonies had the advantages of urbanization (India and Africa etc)
Central Powers- germany, austria, hungry, ottonman
Open Door Policy- policy that china was an open market (us wanted it)
boxer rebellion wanted to take Prussia and make it there own, took lots of places and made it their own. (Germany)
The Russo-Japanese War 1. 1904-05 2. Russia and Japan both wanted control of Manchuria and Korea. Japan won. 3. US realizes Japanese are a legitimate power and are on an equal playing field as the West.
assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand he was assassinated by Serbian rebel; sparked the world war 1
M-A-I-N causes of WWI Militarism Alliances Imperialism- the imposition of maintaining colonies around the world Nationalism
Scramble For Africa the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa[1] was a process of invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation ofAfrican territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period
Opium War -A war between Britain and China -britain takes control of hong kong
Created by: jillbill101