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KMC CH 21: The Church in the US

Juan Padilla Missionary, Servant of God, martyred by Indians in Kansas c.1540
Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha Called the "Lily of the Mohawks" because of her holiness
St. Augustine in Florida First permanent settlement & first parish in the US
Quebec Act Passed by the British Parliament, it extended political & legal concessions to French Canadian Catholics
Charles Carroll Only Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence
Georgetown Oldest Catholic university in the US
St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Convert from Episcopalianism, she is one of the pioneers of the parochial school movement.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne Established the first US convent of the Religious of the Sacred Heart in Missouri in 1818
St. John Neumann Native of Bohemia, fourth bishop of Philadelphia & a pioneer in the parochial school movement.
Archbishop John Carroll First bishop in the US & the most influential Catholic in the establishment of the Church in America
Baltimore First diocese in the US, erected in 1789
Lay Trusteeism System by which laymen became the owners of Church property & administered Church affairs.
"The Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk" A false account of the life of a nun written by Protestant ministers.
Protestant response to nineteenth-century Catholic immigrants Books & pamphlets attacked the moral uprightness of priests & nuns; churches were burned & some Catholics lynched; the Catholic Church was accused of sending papal spies to America; political cartoons depicted the Irish as monkeys or wild-eyed terrorists.
How Catholic immigrants sought to protect themselves against nativists They built Catholic orphanages, hospitals, & nursing homes as a way of living out their faith; they established support networks that centered on parish life & parochial schools.
Fr. Isaac Hecker Convert to Catholicism, he founded a new religious community, the Misssionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle (Paulists), committed to the conversion of Protestant America.
Paulists A religious community founded by Fr. Isaac Hecker, dedicated to the conversion of Protestant Americans.
Americanism Condemned by Pope Leo XIII in his "Testem benevolentiae," this movement sought to adapt Catholicism to American principles & ideas
James Cardinal Gibbons Influential American Cardinal who campaigned hard to keep the Vatican from forbidding membership in the Knights of Labor, which some people considered a secret society.
St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, & the first citizen of the US to be canonized
Msgr. John Ryan Nicknamed "Monsignor New Dealer" for his support of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Depression-era politics.
Dorothy Day Founder of the Catholic Worker Movement, she was also an activist for the homeless & impoverished
Archbishop Fulton Sheen First significant television preacher, he appeared on the popular program "Life Is Worth Living."
John F. Kennedy First Catholic President of the US
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Organization which replaced the NCWC (National Catholic Welfare Conference)
Created by: MAGISTRA56



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